Time Course of the Second Morpheme Processing During Spoken Disyllabic Compound Word Recognition in Chinese Purpose This study aimed to investigate the time course of meaning activation of the 2nd morpheme processing of compound words during Chinese spoken word recognition using eye tracking technique with the printed-word paradigm. Method In the printed-word paradigm, participants were instructed to listen to a spoken target word ... Research Article
Research Article  |   November 08, 2018
Time Course of the Second Morpheme Processing During Spoken Disyllabic Compound Word Recognition in Chinese
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Wei Shen
    Institute of Psychological Sciences, Hangzhou Normal University, China
    Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Research in Assessment of Cognitive Impairments, Hangzhou, China
    Center for Cognition and Brain Disorders, Hangzhou Normal University, China
  • Zhao Li
    Institute of Psychological Sciences, Hangzhou Normal University, China
    Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Research in Assessment of Cognitive Impairments, Hangzhou, China
    Center for Cognition and Brain Disorders, Hangzhou Normal University, China
  • Xiuhong Tong
    Department of Psychology, The Education University of Hong Kong, Ting Kok
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Xiuhong Tong: xhtong@eduhk.hk
  • Editor-in-Chief: Sean Redmond
    Editor-in-Chief: Sean Redmond×
  • Editor: Patrick Wong
    Editor: Patrick Wong×
Article Information
Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / International & Global / Language / Research Articles
Research Article   |   November 08, 2018
Time Course of the Second Morpheme Processing During Spoken Disyllabic Compound Word Recognition in Chinese
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, November 2018, Vol. 61, 2796-2803. doi:10.1044/2018_JSLHR-L-17-0344
History: Received September 11, 2017 , Revised January 12, 2018 , Accepted June 15, 2018
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, November 2018, Vol. 61, 2796-2803. doi:10.1044/2018_JSLHR-L-17-0344
History: Received September 11, 2017; Revised January 12, 2018; Accepted June 15, 2018

Purpose This study aimed to investigate the time course of meaning activation of the 2nd morpheme processing of compound words during Chinese spoken word recognition using eye tracking technique with the printed-word paradigm.

Method In the printed-word paradigm, participants were instructed to listen to a spoken target word (e.g., “大方”, /da4fang1/, generous) while presented with a visual display composed of 3 words: a morphemic competitor (e.g., “圆形”, /yuan2xing2/, circle), which was semantically related to the 2nd morpheme (e.g., “方”, /fang1/, square) of the spoken target word; a whole-word competitor (e.g., “吝啬”, /lin4se4/, stingy), which was semantically related to the spoken target word at the whole-word level; and a distractor, which was semantically related to neither the morpheme or the whole target word. Participants were asked to respond whether the spoken target word was on the visual display or not, and their eye movements were recorded.

Results The logit mixed-model analysis showed both the morphemic competitor and the whole-word competitor effects. Both the morphemic and whole-word competitors attracted more fixations than the distractor. More importantly, the 2nd-morphemic competitor effect occurred at a relatively later time window (i.e., 1000–1500 ms) compared with the whole-word competitor effect (i.e., 200–1000 ms).

Conclusion Findings in this study suggest that semantic information of both the 2nd morpheme and the whole word of a compound was activated in spoken word recognition and that the meaning activation of the 2nd morpheme followed the activation of the whole word.

Acknowledgments
This research is supported by grants from the Natural Science Foundation of China to the last author (31371134 and 31600903) and a grant from the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province to the first author (LQ18C090007). We thank three anonymous reviewers for their comments on earlier versions of this article.
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