Population Health in Pediatric Speech and Language Disorders: Available Data Sources and a Research Agenda for the Field Purpose The aim of the study was to provide an overview of population science as applied to speech and language disorders, illustrate data sources, and advance a research agenda on the epidemiology of these conditions. Method Computer-aided database searches were performed to identify key national surveys and other ... Review Article
Review Article  |   May 17, 2018
Population Health in Pediatric Speech and Language Disorders: Available Data Sources and a Research Agenda for the Field
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Ramesh Raghavan
    School of Social Work, Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences, Newark, NJ
  • Stephen Camarata
    Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN
  • Karl White
    Department of Psychology, Utah State University, Logan
  • William Barbaresi
    Department of Developmental Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, MA
  • Susan Parish
    Lurie Institute for Disability Policy, Heller School of Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA
  • Gloria Krahn
    Department of Public Health, Oregon State University College of Health and Human Sciences, Corvallis
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.×
  • Ramesh Raghavan and Stephen Camarata contributed equally to this work.
    Ramesh Raghavan and Stephen Camarata contributed equally to this work.×
  • Correspondence to Stephen Camarata: stephen.camarata@vanderbilt.edu
  • Editor: Sean Redmond
    Editor: Sean Redmond×
  • Associate Editor: Jan de Jong
    Associate Editor: Jan de Jong×
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Language Disorders / Language / Review Articles
Review Article   |   May 17, 2018
Population Health in Pediatric Speech and Language Disorders: Available Data Sources and a Research Agenda for the Field
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, May 2018, Vol. 61, 1279-1291. doi:10.1044/2018_JSLHR-L-16-0459
History: Received December 20, 2016 , Revised August 10, 2017 , Accepted January 11, 2018
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, May 2018, Vol. 61, 1279-1291. doi:10.1044/2018_JSLHR-L-16-0459
History: Received December 20, 2016; Revised August 10, 2017; Accepted January 11, 2018

Purpose The aim of the study was to provide an overview of population science as applied to speech and language disorders, illustrate data sources, and advance a research agenda on the epidemiology of these conditions.

Method Computer-aided database searches were performed to identify key national surveys and other sources of data necessary to establish the incidence, prevalence, and course and outcome of speech and language disorders. This article also summarizes a research agenda that could enhance our understanding of the epidemiology of these disorders.

Results Although the data yielded estimates of prevalence and incidence for speech and language disorders, existing sources of data are inadequate to establish reliable rates of incidence, prevalence, and outcomes for speech and language disorders at the population level.

Conclusions Greater support for inclusion of speech and language disorder–relevant questions is necessary in national health surveys to build the population science in the field.

Acknowledgments
This work was supported by the Scottish Rite Foundation of Nashville, TN. We gratefully acknowledge the contributions of Patti Simon to the conceptualization and organization of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine report entitled “Speech and Language Disorders in Children: Implications for the Social Security Administration's Supplemental Security Income Program.” Jennifer Flaubert provided research assistance to this work.
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