Auditory Scene Analysis: An Attention Perspective Purpose This review article provides a new perspective on the role of attention in auditory scene analysis. Method A framework for understanding how attention interacts with stimulus-driven processes to facilitate task goals is presented. Previously reported data obtained through behavioral and electrophysiological measures in adults with normal hearing ... Review Article
Review Article  |   October 17, 2017
Auditory Scene Analysis: An Attention Perspective
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Elyse S. Sussman
    Departments of Neuroscience and Otorhinolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY
  • Disclosure: The author has declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The author has declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Elyse S. Sussman: elyse.sussman@einstein.yu.edu
  • Editor-in-Chief: Frederick (Erick) Gallun
    Editor-in-Chief: Frederick (Erick) Gallun×
  • Editor: Karen Helfer
    Editor: Karen Helfer×
Article Information
Hearing & Speech Perception / Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Research Forum: Advances in Research on Auditory Attention and the Processing of Complex Auditory Stimuli / Review Articles
Review Article   |   October 17, 2017
Auditory Scene Analysis: An Attention Perspective
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 2017, Vol. 60, 2989-3000. doi:10.1044/2017_JSLHR-H-17-0041
History: Received February 1, 2017 , Revised April 25, 2017 , Accepted May 12, 2017
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 2017, Vol. 60, 2989-3000. doi:10.1044/2017_JSLHR-H-17-0041
History: Received February 1, 2017; Revised April 25, 2017; Accepted May 12, 2017

Purpose This review article provides a new perspective on the role of attention in auditory scene analysis.

Method A framework for understanding how attention interacts with stimulus-driven processes to facilitate task goals is presented. Previously reported data obtained through behavioral and electrophysiological measures in adults with normal hearing are summarized to demonstrate attention effects on auditory perception—from passive processes that organize unattended input to attention effects that act at different levels of the system. Data will show that attention can sharpen stream organization toward behavioral goals, identify auditory events obscured by noise, and limit passive processing capacity.

Conclusions A model of attention is provided that illustrates how the auditory system performs multilevel analyses that involve interactions between stimulus-driven input and top-down processes. Overall, these studies show that (a) stream segregation occurs automatically and sets the basis for auditory event formation; (b) attention interacts with automatic processing to facilitate task goals; and (c) information about unattended sounds is not lost when selecting one organization over another. Our results support a neural model that allows multiple sound organizations to be held in memory and accessed simultaneously through a balance of automatic and task-specific processes, allowing flexibility for navigating noisy environments with competing sound sources.

Presentation Video http://cred.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?articleid=2601618

Acknowledgments
Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders of the National Institutes of Health under Awards R13DC003383 and R01DC004263 to E.S.S.. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.
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