Shortened Nonword Repetition Task (NWR-S): A Simple, Quick, and Less Expensive Outcome to Identify Children With Combined Specific Language and Reading Impairment Purpose The purpose of this research note was to validate a simplified version of the Dutch nonword repetition task (NWR; Rispens & Baker, 2012). The NWR was shortened and scoring was transformed to correct/incorrect nonwords, resulting in the shortened NWR (NWR-S). Method NWR-S and NWR performance were compared ... Research Note
Research Note  |   August 16, 2017
Shortened Nonword Repetition Task (NWR-S): A Simple, Quick, and Less Expensive Outcome to Identify Children With Combined Specific Language and Reading Impairment
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Carlijn M. P. le Clercq
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
  • Marc P. van der Schroeff
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
  • Judith E. Rispens
    Amsterdam Center for Language and Communication, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands
  • Liesbet Ruytjens
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
  • André Goedegebure
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
  • Gijs van Ingen
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
  • Marie-Christine Franken
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to C. M. P. le Clercq: c.leclercq@erasmusmc.nl
  • Editor: Sean Redmond
    Editor: Sean Redmond×
  • Associate Editor: Lisa Archibald
    Associate Editor: Lisa Archibald×
Article Information
Language Disorders / Specific Language Impairment / Reading & Writing Disorders / Language / Research Notes
Research Note   |   August 16, 2017
Shortened Nonword Repetition Task (NWR-S): A Simple, Quick, and Less Expensive Outcome to Identify Children With Combined Specific Language and Reading Impairment
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, August 2017, Vol. 60, 2241-2248. doi:10.1044/2017_JSLHR-L-16-0060
History: Received February 12, 2016 , Revised June 29, 2016 , Accepted January 9, 2017
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, August 2017, Vol. 60, 2241-2248. doi:10.1044/2017_JSLHR-L-16-0060
History: Received February 12, 2016; Revised June 29, 2016; Accepted January 9, 2017

Purpose The purpose of this research note was to validate a simplified version of the Dutch nonword repetition task (NWR; Rispens & Baker, 2012). The NWR was shortened and scoring was transformed to correct/incorrect nonwords, resulting in the shortened NWR (NWR-S).

Method NWR-S and NWR performance were compared in the previously published data set of Rispens and Baker (2012; N = 88), who compared NWR performance in 5 participant groups: specific language impairment (SLI), reading impairment (RI), both SLI and RI, one control group matched on chronological age, and one control group matched on language age.

Results Analyses of variance showed that children with SLI + RI performed significantly worse than other participant groups in NWR-S, just as in NWR. Logistic regression analyses showed that both tasks can predict an SLI + RI outcome. NWR-S holds a sensitivity of 82.6% and a specificity of 95.4% in identifying children with SLI + RI. The sensitivity of the original NWR is 87.0% with a specificity of 87.7%.

Conclusions As the original NWR, the NWR-S comprising a subset of 22 nonwords scored with a simplified scoring system can identify children with combined SLI and RI while saving a significant amount of the needed assessment time.

Supplemental Materials https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.5150116

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