The Effects of Parent-Focused Slow Relaxed Speech Intervention on Articulation Rate, Response Time Latency, and Fluency in Preschool Children Who Stutter Purpose This study investigated the effects of an intervention to reduce caregivers' articulation rates with children who stutter on (a) disfluency, (b) caregiver and child's articulation rates, and (c) caregiver and child's response time latency (RTL). Method Seventeen caregivers and their preschool children who stuttered participated in a ... Research Article
Research Article  |   April 14, 2017
The Effects of Parent-Focused Slow Relaxed Speech Intervention on Articulation Rate, Response Time Latency, and Fluency in Preschool Children Who Stutter
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jean Sawyer
    Illinois State University, Normal
  • Colleen Matteson
    Independent Provider, New Lenox, IL
  • Hua Ou
    Illinois State University, Normal
  • Takahisa Nagase
    Illinois State University, Normal
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Jean Sawyer: jsawyer@ilstu.edu
  • Editor: Julie Liss
    Editor: Julie Liss×
  • Associate Editor: Hans-Georg Bosshardt
    Associate Editor: Hans-Georg Bosshardt×
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Fluency Disorders / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Speech / Research Articles
Research Article   |   April 14, 2017
The Effects of Parent-Focused Slow Relaxed Speech Intervention on Articulation Rate, Response Time Latency, and Fluency in Preschool Children Who Stutter
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, April 2017, Vol. 60, 794-809. doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-S-16-0002
History: Received January 4, 2016 , Revised June 15, 2016 , Accepted September 24, 2016
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, April 2017, Vol. 60, 794-809. doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-S-16-0002
History: Received January 4, 2016; Revised June 15, 2016; Accepted September 24, 2016

Purpose This study investigated the effects of an intervention to reduce caregivers' articulation rates with children who stutter on (a) disfluency, (b) caregiver and child's articulation rates, and (c) caregiver and child's response time latency (RTL).

Method Seventeen caregivers and their preschool children who stuttered participated in a group study of treatment outcomes. One speech sample was collected as a baseline, and 2 samples were collected after treatment. Posttreatment samples were of caregivers speaking as they typically would and using reduced articulation rates.

Results Caregivers reduced articulation rates significantly in the 2 posttreatment samples, and a significant decrease of stuttering-like disfluencies (SLD) was found in the children in those 2 samples. No direct relationship was found between the caregiver's articulation rate and RTL, and there was a small correlation of RTL with the lower levels of SLD found postintervention. No significant relationships were found between the reduced levels of SLD and articulation rates for either caregivers or children.

Conclusions Results suggest caregivers can be trained to slow their speech, and children increased their fluency at the end of a program designed to slow caregiver articulation. The intentionally slower rate of the caregivers, however, was not significantly related to fluency.

Acknowledgments
The authors express gratitude to the families and children who participated in this study.
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