The Effect of Tinnitus on Listening Effort in Normal-Hearing Young Adults: A Preliminary Study Purpose The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of chronic tinnitus on listening effort. Method Thirteen normal-hearing young adults with chronic tinnitus were matched with a control group for age, gender, hearing thresholds, and educational level. A dual-task paradigm was used to evaluate listening effort ... Research Article
Research Article  |   April 14, 2017
The Effect of Tinnitus on Listening Effort in Normal-Hearing Young Adults: A Preliminary Study
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Sofie Degeest
    Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
  • Hannah Keppler
    Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
  • Paul Corthals
    Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Faculty of Education, Health and Social Work, University College Ghent, Ghent, Belgium
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Sofie Degeest: sofie.degeest@ugent.be
  • Editor: Nancy Tye-Murray
    Editor: Nancy Tye-Murray×
  • Associate Editor: Kathleen Cienkowski
    Associate Editor: Kathleen Cienkowski×
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Hearing / Research Articles
Research Article   |   April 14, 2017
The Effect of Tinnitus on Listening Effort in Normal-Hearing Young Adults: A Preliminary Study
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, April 2017, Vol. 60, 1036-1045. doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-H-16-0090
History: Received March 7, 2016 , Revised June 7, 2016 , Accepted September 12, 2016
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, April 2017, Vol. 60, 1036-1045. doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-H-16-0090
History: Received March 7, 2016; Revised June 7, 2016; Accepted September 12, 2016

Purpose The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of chronic tinnitus on listening effort.

Method Thirteen normal-hearing young adults with chronic tinnitus were matched with a control group for age, gender, hearing thresholds, and educational level. A dual-task paradigm was used to evaluate listening effort in different listening conditions. A primary speech-recognition task and a secondary memory task were performed both separately and simultaneously. Furthermore, subjective listening effort was questioned for various listening situations. The Tinnitus Handicap Inventory was used to control for tinnitus handicap.

Results Listening effort significantly increased in the tinnitus group across listening conditions. There was no significant difference in listening effort between listening conditions, nor was there an interaction between groups and listening conditions. Subjective listening effort did not significantly differ between both groups.

Conclusions This study is a first exploration of listening effort in normal-hearing participants with chronic tinnitus showing that listening effort is increased as compared with a control group. There is a need to further investigate the cognitive functions important for speech understanding and their possible relation with the presence of tinnitus and listening effort.

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