A Cross-Language Study of Laryngeal-Oral Coordination Across Varying Prosodic and Syllable-Structure Conditions Purpose The purpose of this study is to use prosodic and syllable-structure variation to probe the underlying representation of laryngeal kinematics in languages traditionally considered to differ in voicing typology (German vs. Dutch and French). Method Transillumination and videofiberendoscopic filming were used to investigate the devoicing gesture in ... Research Article
Research Article  |   March 01, 2017
A Cross-Language Study of Laryngeal-Oral Coordination Across Varying Prosodic and Syllable-Structure Conditions
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Philip Hoole
    Institute of Phonetics and Speech Processing, Munich University, Germany
  • Lasse Bombien
    Institute of Phonetics and Speech Processing, Munich University, Germany
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Philip Hoole: hoole@phonetik.uni-muenchen.de
  • Editor: Julie Liss
    Editor: Julie Liss×
  • Associate Editor: Leonardo Lancia
    Associate Editor: Leonardo Lancia×
Article Information
Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Speech / Research Articles
Research Article   |   March 01, 2017
A Cross-Language Study of Laryngeal-Oral Coordination Across Varying Prosodic and Syllable-Structure Conditions
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 2017, Vol. 60, 525-539. doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-S-15-0034
History: Received January 30, 2015 , Revised March 10, 2015 , Accepted August 7, 2016
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 2017, Vol. 60, 525-539. doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-S-15-0034
History: Received January 30, 2015; Revised March 10, 2015; Accepted August 7, 2016

Purpose The purpose of this study is to use prosodic and syllable-structure variation to probe the underlying representation of laryngeal kinematics in languages traditionally considered to differ in voicing typology (German vs. Dutch and French).

Method Transillumination and videofiberendoscopic filming were used to investigate the devoicing gesture in German, Dutch, and French for material that compared, first, a strong versus weak prosodic condition and, second, singletons versus clusters (stop + /r/ and /l/).

Results The results showed strengthening of the devoicing gesture in the strong prosodic condition and in the segmental context stop + /r/ for German and French but not for Dutch. In terms of timing (duration of oral occlusion, voice onset time, timing of peak glottal opening relative to stop release), French was intermediate between German and Dutch.

Conclusions (a) The representation of French voiceless plosives requires an active specification for glottal spreading just as in German. (b) Static features are not well suited to capturing cross-language differences in voicing typology and changes in voicing specification over time.

Acknowledgments
This research was supported by DFG Grant HO3271/3-2 in SPP1234 to Philip Hoole. The authors thank René Bombien and René Schramm for performing the endoscopy, Elizabeth Heller for help with segmentation and kinematic analysis, and Ruben van de Vijver for advice on the Dutch corpus. Above all, we thank our subjects for submitting to such an extensive endoscopic examination.
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