Influence of Left–Right Asymmetries on Voice Quality in Simulated Paramedian Vocal Fold Paralysis Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine the vocal fold structural and vibratory symmetries that are important to vocal function and voice quality in a simulated paramedian vocal fold paralysis. Method A computational kinematic speech production model was used to simulate an exemplar “voice” on the ... Research Article
Research Article  |   February 01, 2017
Influence of Left–Right Asymmetries on Voice Quality in Simulated Paramedian Vocal Fold Paralysis
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Robin A. Samlan
    Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson
  • Brad H. Story
    Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Robin A. Samlan: rsamlan@email.arizona.edu
  • Editor: Julie Liss
    Editor: Julie Liss×
  • Associate Editor: Jack Jiang
    Associate Editor: Jack Jiang×
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Voice Disorders / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Speech / Research Articles
Research Article   |   February 01, 2017
Influence of Left–Right Asymmetries on Voice Quality in Simulated Paramedian Vocal Fold Paralysis
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 2017, Vol. 60, 306-321. doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-S-16-0076
History: Received February 24, 2016 , Revised May 3, 2016 , Accepted May 31, 2016
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 2017, Vol. 60, 306-321. doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-S-16-0076
History: Received February 24, 2016; Revised May 3, 2016; Accepted May 31, 2016

Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine the vocal fold structural and vibratory symmetries that are important to vocal function and voice quality in a simulated paramedian vocal fold paralysis.

Method A computational kinematic speech production model was used to simulate an exemplar “voice” on the basis of asymmetric settings of parameters controlling glottal configuration. These parameters were then altered individually to determine their effect on maximum flow declination rate, spectral slope, cepstral peak prominence, harmonics-to-noise ratio, and perceived voice quality.

Results Asymmetry of each of the 5 vocal fold parameters influenced vocal function and voice quality; measured change was greatest for adduction and bulging. Increasing the symmetry of all parameters improved voice, and the best voice occurred with overcorrection of adduction, followed by bulging, nodal point ratio, starting phase, and amplitude of vibration.

Conclusions Although vocal process adduction and edge bulging asymmetries are most influential in voice quality for simulated vocal fold motion impairment, amplitude of vibration and starting phase asymmetries are also perceptually important. These findings are consistent with the current surgical approach to vocal fold motion impairment, where goals include medializing the vocal process and straightening concave edges. The results also explain many of the residual postoperative voice limitations.

Acknowledgments
We thank the Bureau of Glottal Affairs, UCLA Department of Head and Neck Surgery, for the Sort and Rate Software.
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