Current Methods of Evaluating Speech-Language Outcomes for Preschoolers With Communication Disorders: A Scoping Review Using the ICF-CY Purpose The purpose of this scoping review was to identify current measures used to evaluate speech-language outcomes for preschoolers with communication disorders within the framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health–Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY; World Health Organization, 2007). Method The review involved 5 phases ... Review Article
Newly Published
Review Article  |   February 10, 2017
Current Methods of Evaluating Speech-Language Outcomes for Preschoolers With Communication Disorders: A Scoping Review Using the ICF-CY
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Barbara Jane Cunningham
    CanChild, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
  • Karla N. Washington
    Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Cincinnati, OH
  • Amanda Binns
    Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada
  • Katelyn Rolfe
    Department of Biology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
  • Bernadette Robertson
    Bloorview Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • Peter Rosenbaum
    CanChild, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Barbara Jane Cunningham: cunnibj@mcmaster.ca
  • Editor: Rhea Paul
    Editor: Rhea Paul×
  • Associate Editor: Marleen Westerveld
    Associate Editor: Marleen Westerveld×
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Language Disorders / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Newly Published / Review Article
Review Article   |   February 10, 2017
Current Methods of Evaluating Speech-Language Outcomes for Preschoolers With Communication Disorders: A Scoping Review Using the ICF-CY
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, Newly Published. doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-L-15-0329
History: Received September 20, 2015 , Revised March 31, 2016 , Accepted June 11, 2016
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, Newly Published. doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-L-15-0329
History: Received September 20, 2015; Revised March 31, 2016; Accepted June 11, 2016

Purpose The purpose of this scoping review was to identify current measures used to evaluate speech-language outcomes for preschoolers with communication disorders within the framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health–Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY; World Health Organization, 2007).

Method The review involved 5 phases outlined by Arksey and O'Malley (2005)  and further developed by Levac, Colquhoun, and O'Brien (2010) : (a) articulating the research question; (b) identifying relevant studies; (c) selecting studies; (d) charting the data; and (e) collating, summarizing, and reporting the results. The ICF-CY was used to frame the measures included.

Results A total of 214 relevant peer-reviewed publications were included in the review. Most publications used measures to evaluate changes in outcomes for Activities (65%), followed by measures evaluating changes in Body Functions (20%), and finally measures evaluating changes at the level of Participation (15%). There has been a slight increase in the evaluation of Participation-based outcomes in the past 4 years (2012–2015).

Conclusion The review revealed a dearth of measures in the pediatric speech-language literature that address Participation-based outcomes. The authors strongly advocate for the use of Participation-based outcome measures to detect meaningful change in the lives of children and families.

Acknowledgments
The first author was supported in part by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Foundation with a New Century Scholars Doctoral Scholarship.
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