Lip Movements for an Unfamiliar Vowel: Mandarin Front Rounded Vowel Produced by Japanese Speakers Purpose The study was aimed at investigating what kind of lip positions are selected by Japanese adult participants for an unfamiliar Mandarin rounded vowel /y/ and if their lip positions are related to and/or differentiated from those for their native vowels. Method Videotaping and post hoc tracking measurements ... Supplement Article
Supplement Article  |   December 01, 2016
Lip Movements for an Unfamiliar Vowel: Mandarin Front Rounded Vowel Produced by Japanese Speakers
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Haruka Saito
    McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada
  • Disclosure: The author has declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The author has declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Haruka Saito: qitengyao@gmail.com
  • Editor: Jody Kreiman
    Editor: Jody Kreiman×
  • Associate Editor: Susanne Fuchs
    Associate Editor: Susanne Fuchs×
Article Information
Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Supplement: Select Papers From the 10th International Seminar on Speech Production
Supplement Article   |   December 01, 2016
Lip Movements for an Unfamiliar Vowel: Mandarin Front Rounded Vowel Produced by Japanese Speakers
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 2016, Vol. 59, S1558-S1565. doi:10.1044/2015_JSLHR-S-15-0033
History: Received January 30, 2015 , Revised September 19, 2015 , Accepted November 23, 2015
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 2016, Vol. 59, S1558-S1565. doi:10.1044/2015_JSLHR-S-15-0033
History: Received January 30, 2015; Revised September 19, 2015; Accepted November 23, 2015

Purpose The study was aimed at investigating what kind of lip positions are selected by Japanese adult participants for an unfamiliar Mandarin rounded vowel /y/ and if their lip positions are related to and/or differentiated from those for their native vowels.

Method Videotaping and post hoc tracking measurements for lip positions, namely protrusion and vertical aperture, and acoustic analysis of vowel formants were conducted on participants' production in a repetition task.

Results First, 31.2% of all productions of /y/ were produced with either protruded or compressed rounding. Second, the lip positions for /y/ were differentiated from those for the perceived nearest native vowel; although they correlated with them in terms of vertical aperture, they did not in terms of protrusion/retraction.

Conclusions Lip positions for a novel rounded vowel seemed to be produced as a modification of existing lip positions from the native repertoire. Moreover, the degree of vertical aperture might be easily transferred, and the degree of protrusion is less likely to be retained in the new lip positions.

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