The Palin Parent Rating Scales: Parents' Perspectives of Childhood Stuttering and Its Impact Purpose The goal of this study is to explore the psychometric properties of the Parent Rating Scales–V1 (S. K. Millard, S. Edwards, & F. M. Cook, 2009), an assessment tool for parents of children who stutter, and to refine the measure accordingly. Method We included 259 scales completed ... Research Article
Research Article  |   October 01, 2016
The Palin Parent Rating Scales: Parents' Perspectives of Childhood Stuttering and Its Impact
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Sharon K. Millard
    The Michael Palin Centre for Stammering, London, United Kingdom
  • Stephen Davis
    University College London, United Kingdom
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Sharon Millard: sharonmillard@nhs.net
  • Editor: Jody Kreiman
    Editor: Jody Kreiman×
  • Associate Editor: Hans-Georg Bosshardt
    Associate Editor: Hans-Georg Bosshardt×
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Fluency Disorders / Speech / Research Articles
Research Article   |   October 01, 2016
The Palin Parent Rating Scales: Parents' Perspectives of Childhood Stuttering and Its Impact
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 2016, Vol. 59, 950-963. doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-S-14-0137
History: Received May 22, 2014 , Revised December 24, 2014 , Accepted December 13, 2015
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 2016, Vol. 59, 950-963. doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-S-14-0137
History: Received May 22, 2014; Revised December 24, 2014; Accepted December 13, 2015

Purpose The goal of this study is to explore the psychometric properties of the Parent Rating Scales–V1 (S. K. Millard, S. Edwards, & F. M. Cook, 2009), an assessment tool for parents of children who stutter, and to refine the measure accordingly.

Method We included 259 scales completed prior to therapy. An exploratory factor analysis determined the test constructs and identified the items that had greatest loadings on those factors. Items that did not load on the factors were removed, and normative scores calculated.

Results The resulting 19-item questionnaire measures three factors: (a) the impact of stuttering on the child; (b) the severity of stuttering and its impact on the parents; and (c) the parents' knowledge about stuttering and confidence in managing it. Reliability was demonstrated, norms established, and an automated online version constructed.

Conclusions The Palin Parent Rating Scale is a valid and reliable tool, providing a method of exploring parents' perceptions of stuttering, the impact it has on the child and themselves, and the parents' knowledge of and confidence in managing the stuttering. This is an important addition to the existing range of assessments that may be used to evaluate stuttering in children up to age 14;6 (years;months) and allows the wider targets of parent-led therapy programs to be evaluated.

Acknowledgments
This study was supported by Action for Stammering Children and Whittington Health. We are indebted to Steven Bennett at the London School of Economics for his work to create the online version of the Palin PRS. Thank you to all the staff at the Michael Palin Centre who have supported this study, in particular Vicky Crofts and Martha Gotts for their help with the manuscript. We also thank all the parents and children who allowed their data to contribute to our increased understanding of stuttering in childhood.
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