Multidimensional Approach to the Development of a Mandarin Chinese–Oriented Sound Test Purpose Because the Ling six-sound test is based on American English phonemes, it can yield unreliable results when administered to non-English speakers. In this study, we aimed to improve specifically the diagnostic palette for Mandarin Chinese users by developing an adapted version of the Ling six-sound test. Method ... Research Article
Research Article  |   April 01, 2016
Multidimensional Approach to the Development of a Mandarin Chinese–Oriented Sound Test
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Yu-Chen Hung
    Speech and Hearing Science Research Institute, Children's Hearing Foundation, Taipei, Taiwan
  • Chun-Yi Lin
    Speech and Hearing Science Research Institute, Children's Hearing Foundation, Taipei, Taiwan
  • Li-Chiun Tsai
    Speech and Hearing Science Research Institute, Children's Hearing Foundation, Taipei, Taiwan
  • Ya-Jung Lee
    Speech and Hearing Science Research Institute, Children's Hearing Foundation, Taipei, Taiwan
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Address correspondence to Yu-Chen Hung: yuchenhung@chfn.org.tw
  • Editor: Nancy Tye-Murray
    Editor: Nancy Tye-Murray×
  • Associate Editor: Karen Kirk
    Associate Editor: Karen Kirk×
Article Information
Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Hearing / Research Articles
Research Article   |   April 01, 2016
Multidimensional Approach to the Development of a Mandarin Chinese–Oriented Sound Test
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, April 2016, Vol. 59, 349-358. doi:10.1044/2015_JSLHR-H-15-0026
History: Received January 26, 2015 , Revised July 19, 2015 , Accepted October 14, 2015
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, April 2016, Vol. 59, 349-358. doi:10.1044/2015_JSLHR-H-15-0026
History: Received January 26, 2015; Revised July 19, 2015; Accepted October 14, 2015

Purpose Because the Ling six-sound test is based on American English phonemes, it can yield unreliable results when administered to non-English speakers. In this study, we aimed to improve specifically the diagnostic palette for Mandarin Chinese users by developing an adapted version of the Ling six-sound test.

Method To determine the set of testing sounds, we performed an exhaustive acoustic and statistical analysis in which we considered not only the general acoustic properties but also the order of acquisition and the inter- and intraspeaker variability.

Results Six phonemes (/u, ə, a, i, tɕh, s/) were selected as the testing items for the Mandarin Chinese sound test because these sounds exhibit a highly compartmentalized frequency specificity, spanning the entire Chinese speech spectrum, as well as a relatively low articulatory variability and can be acquired fairly early.

Conclusion Through adopting language-dependent modifications, caregivers and professionals should have a more adequate tool to monitor children's auditory access to the full range of Mandarin speech sounds.

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