Implementation Science: Buzzword or Game Changer? Purpose The purpose of this supplement article is to provide a resource of pertinent information concerning implementation science for immediate research application in communication sciences and disorders. Method Key terminology related to implementation science is reviewed. Practical suggestions for the application of implementation science theories and methodologies are ... Supplement Article
Supplement Article  |   December 01, 2015
Implementation Science: Buzzword or Game Changer?
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Natalie F. Douglas
    Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant
  • Wenonah N. Campbell
    McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
  • Jacqueline J. Hinckley
    University of South Florida, Tampa
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Natalie F. Douglas: natalie.douglas@cmich.edu
  • Editor: Rhea Paul
    Editor: Rhea Paul×
  • Associate Editor: Robert Marshall
    Associate Editor: Robert Marshall×
Article Information
Research Issues, Methods & Evidence-Based Practice / Supplement: Implementation Science
Supplement Article   |   December 01, 2015
Implementation Science: Buzzword or Game Changer?
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 2015, Vol. 58, S1827-S1836. doi:10.1044/2015_JSLHR-L-15-0302
History: Received August 28, 2015 , Accepted October 1, 2015
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 2015, Vol. 58, S1827-S1836. doi:10.1044/2015_JSLHR-L-15-0302
History: Received August 28, 2015; Accepted October 1, 2015

Purpose The purpose of this supplement article is to provide a resource of pertinent information concerning implementation science for immediate research application in communication sciences and disorders.

Method Key terminology related to implementation science is reviewed. Practical suggestions for the application of implementation science theories and methodologies are provided, including an overview of hybrid research designs that simultaneously investigate clinical effectiveness and implementation as well as an introduction to approaches for engaging stakeholders in the research process. A detailed example from education is shared to show how implementation science was utilized to move an intervention program for autism into routine practice in the public school system. In particular, the example highlights the value of strong partnership among researchers, policy makers, and frontline practitioners in implementing and sustaining new evidence-based practices.

Conclusions Implementation science is not just a buzzword. This is a new field of study that can make a substantive contribution in communication sciences and disorders by informing research agendas, reducing health and education disparities, improving accountability and quality control, increasing clinician satisfaction and competence, and improving client outcomes.

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