Practice-Based Research: Another Pathway for Closing the Research–Practice Gap Purpose Practice-based research is proposed as an additional way to bridge the divide between research and practice. Method The article compares the traditional, laboratory-based research with research that is generated from practice: practice-based research. The defining features of each are described, with an emphasis on contrasting internal and ... Supplement Article
Supplement Article  |   December 01, 2015
Practice-Based Research: Another Pathway for Closing the Research–Practice Gap
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Pamela J. Crooke
    Social Thinking, San Jose, CA
  • Lesley B. Olswang
    University of Washington, Seattle
  • Disclosure: Pamela J. Crooke serves as the Chief Officer of Research for Social Thinking and therefore receives a salary as part of this role. No other financial benefits or compensation relate to her position. Lesley B. Olswang was recruited post–data collection by the first author to be a research advisor and receives financial compensation from the research department in Social Thinking for her expertise and time.
    Disclosure: Pamela J. Crooke serves as the Chief Officer of Research for Social Thinking and therefore receives a salary as part of this role. No other financial benefits or compensation relate to her position. Lesley B. Olswang was recruited post–data collection by the first author to be a research advisor and receives financial compensation from the research department in Social Thinking for her expertise and time. ×
  • Correspondence to Pamela J. Crooke: pcrooke@socialthinking.com
  • Editor and Associate Editor: Rhea Paul
    Editor and Associate Editor: Rhea Paul×
Article Information
Research Issues, Methods & Evidence-Based Practice / Supplement: Implementation Science
Supplement Article   |   December 01, 2015
Practice-Based Research: Another Pathway for Closing the Research–Practice Gap
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 2015, Vol. 58, S1871-S1882. doi:10.1044/2015_JSLHR-L-15-0243
History: Received July 10, 2015 , Revised August 18, 2015 , Accepted August 23, 2015
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 2015, Vol. 58, S1871-S1882. doi:10.1044/2015_JSLHR-L-15-0243
History: Received July 10, 2015; Revised August 18, 2015; Accepted August 23, 2015
Web of Science® Times Cited: 2

Purpose Practice-based research is proposed as an additional way to bridge the divide between research and practice.

Method The article compares the traditional, laboratory-based research with research that is generated from practice: practice-based research. The defining features of each are described, with an emphasis on contrasting internal and external validity. Retrospective and prospective practice-based studies are described. Guidelines for designing a retrospective study are provided along with a specific example from practice focusing on social communication learning. Last, the authors discuss the value of information generated from practice-based research for contributing to the knowledge base of not only a practice, but also a discipline.

Conclusion The argument is made that approaching research from more than one perspective is necessary for ultimately improving the quality of client and patient care. Practice-based research acknowledges the value of understanding clinical decision making in everyday contexts as an important complement to evidence generated in laboratories. This article is intended to invigorate interest in the uniqueness of practice-based research as a way of encouraging the talents of researchers and practitioners as they work together to gather evidence for improving the lives of individuals with communication disorders.

Acknowledgments
We thank Michelle Garcia Winner, Founder and CEO of Social Thinking, for allowing data collection to occur during numerous training events. We further acknowledge the survey participants who contributed responses for this study.
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