Significance of Harmonic Changes and Noise Components in Hoarseness Acoustic Analysis and synthesis of hoarseness by sound spectrography suggests that the acoustic properties of hoarseness are mainly determined by the interactions of the following three factors: 1) noise components in the main formant of each vowel, 2) high frequency noise components above 3000 Hz, and 3) the loss of ... Research Article
Research Article  |   September 01, 1967
Significance of Harmonic Changes and Noise Components in Hoarseness
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Naoaki Yanagihara
    The Institute of Laryngology and Voice Disorders, Los Angeles, California
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Voice Disorders / Hearing & Speech Perception / Acoustics / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Research Articles
Research Article   |   September 01, 1967
Significance of Harmonic Changes and Noise Components in Hoarseness
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1967, Vol. 10, 531-541. doi:10.1044/jshr.1003.531
History: Received September 1, 1966
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1967, Vol. 10, 531-541. doi:10.1044/jshr.1003.531
History: Received September 1, 1966

Acoustic Analysis and synthesis of hoarseness by sound spectrography suggests that the acoustic properties of hoarseness are mainly determined by the interactions of the following three factors: 1) noise components in the main formant of each vowel, 2) high frequency noise components above 3000 Hz, and 3) the loss of high frequency harmonic components. These three findings are more pronounced in the vowels /α/, /ε/, and /i/ than in /u/ and /ɔ/. With the progression of the severity of hoarseness, these three abnormal patterns become more prominent and exaggerated. On the basis of these findings, a classification of four types of hoarseness was presented using sonagram tracings.

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