Relations Among Hearing, Reaction Time, and Age Thirty-six males between the ages of 50 and 86 were given pure-tone and speech tests and three tests of simple reaction time to evaluate the relation of auditory sensitivity and reaction time performance to discrimination ability. Impairment in puretone sensitivity, primarily for high frequencies, speech reception threshold, and discrimination score, ... Research Article
Research Article  |   September 01, 1967
Relations Among Hearing, Reaction Time, and Age
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • R. Michael Feldman
    University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Scott N. Reger
    State University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa
Article Information
Hearing & Speech Perception / Research Articles
Research Article   |   September 01, 1967
Relations Among Hearing, Reaction Time, and Age
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1967, Vol. 10, 479-495. doi:10.1044/jshr.1003.479
History: Received January 1, 1967
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1967, Vol. 10, 479-495. doi:10.1044/jshr.1003.479
History: Received January 1, 1967

Thirty-six males between the ages of 50 and 86 were given pure-tone and speech tests and three tests of simple reaction time to evaluate the relation of auditory sensitivity and reaction time performance to discrimination ability. Impairment in puretone sensitivity, primarily for high frequencies, speech reception threshold, and discrimination score, as well as an increase in reaction time was found with increasing age. Multiple regression analyses indicated that 72% of the variability in discrimination score could be accounted for on the basis of the pure-tone thresholds at 250 and 1000 Hz and tactile and auditory reaction times. The findings are interpreted as suggesting that auditory sensitivity problems evidenced by the aged may be accounted for on the basis of peripheral mechanical, sensory, and neural factors, while the discrimination problem is a composite of both peripheral and central factors.

Order a Subscription
Pay Per View
Entire Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research content & archive
24-hour access
This Article
24-hour access