Preliteracy Speech Sound Production Skill and Linguistic Characteristics of Grade 3 Spellings: A Study Using the Templin Archive Purpose This archival investigation examined the relationship between preliteracy speech sound production skill (SSPS) and spelling in Grade 3 using a dataset in which children's receptive vocabulary was generally within normal limits, speech therapy was not provided until Grade 2, and phonological awareness instruction was discouraged at the time data ... Research Article
Research Article  |   December 01, 2015
Preliteracy Speech Sound Production Skill and Linguistic Characteristics of Grade 3 Spellings: A Study Using the Templin Archive
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Megan S. Overby
    Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA
  • Julie J. Masterson
    Missouri State University, Springfield
  • Jonathan L. Preston
    Syracuse University, NY
    Haskins Laboratories, New Haven, CT
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication. ×
  • Correspondence to Megan S. Overby: overbym@duq.edu
  • Editor: Jody Kreiman
    Editor: Jody Kreiman×
  • Associate Editor: Megha Sundara
    Associate Editor: Megha Sundara×
Article Information
Development / Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Speech / Research Articles
Research Article   |   December 01, 2015
Preliteracy Speech Sound Production Skill and Linguistic Characteristics of Grade 3 Spellings: A Study Using the Templin Archive
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 2015, Vol. 58, 1654-1669. doi:10.1044/2015_JSLHR-S-14-0276
History: Received October 2, 2014 , Revised March 24, 2015 , Accepted July 20, 2015
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 2015, Vol. 58, 1654-1669. doi:10.1044/2015_JSLHR-S-14-0276
History: Received October 2, 2014; Revised March 24, 2015; Accepted July 20, 2015

Purpose This archival investigation examined the relationship between preliteracy speech sound production skill (SSPS) and spelling in Grade 3 using a dataset in which children's receptive vocabulary was generally within normal limits, speech therapy was not provided until Grade 2, and phonological awareness instruction was discouraged at the time data were collected.

Method Participants (N = 250), selected from the Templin Archive (Templin, 2004), varied on prekindergarten SSPS. Participants' real word spellings in Grade 3 were evaluated using a metric of linguistic knowledge, the Computerized Spelling Sensitivity System (Masterson & Apel, 2013). Relationships between kindergarten speech error types and later spellings also were explored.

Results Prekindergarten children in the lowest SPSS (7th percentile) scored poorest among articulatory subgroups on both individual spelling elements (phonetic elements, junctures, and affixes) and acceptable spelling (using relatively more omissions and illegal spelling patterns). Within the 7th percentile subgroup, there were no statistical spelling differences between those with mostly atypical speech sound errors and those with mostly typical speech sound errors.

Conclusions Findings were consistent with predictions from dual route models of spelling that SSPS is one of many variables associated with spelling skill and that children with impaired SSPS are at risk for spelling difficulty.

Acknowledgments
Support for the third author was provided by National Institute of Health grant P01 HD001994 (J. Rueckl, PI). We thank Allie Willer, Erin Bills, Kelsey Fisher, and Sarah Parsons for their contributions to data entry and analysis. Ms. Willer's assistance was supported by a Summer Undergraduate Research Grant from The College of Saint Rose. We also thank Ann Bosma Smit for her assistance with the Templin Archive and review of an earlier version of the article.
Order a Subscription
Pay Per View
Entire Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research content & archive
24-hour access
This Article
24-hour access