Song Recognition by Young Children With Cochlear Implants: Comparison Between Unilateral, Bilateral, and Bimodal Users Purpose To examine song identification by preschoolers with normal hearing (NH) versus preschoolers with cochlear implants (CIs). Method Participants included 45 children ages 3;8–7;3 (years;months): 12 with NH and 33 with CIs, including 10 with unilateral CI, 14 with bilateral CIs, and 9 bimodal users (CI-HA) with unilateral CI ... Research Article
Research Article  |   October 01, 2014
Song Recognition by Young Children With Cochlear Implants: Comparison Between Unilateral, Bilateral, and Bimodal Users
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Tamar Bartov
    Tel Aviv University, Israel
  • Tova Most
    Tel Aviv University, Israel
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.×
  • Correspondence to Tova Most: tovam@post.tau.ac.il
  • Editor: Craig Champlin
    Editor: Craig Champlin×
  • Associate Editor: Emily Tobey
    Associate Editor: Emily Tobey×
Article Information
Hearing Aids, Cochlear Implants & Assistive Technology / Hearing / Research Articles
Research Article   |   October 01, 2014
Song Recognition by Young Children With Cochlear Implants: Comparison Between Unilateral, Bilateral, and Bimodal Users
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 2014, Vol. 57, 1929-1941. doi:10.1044/2014_JSLHR-H-13-0190
History: Received July 18, 2013 , Revised February 19, 2014 , Accepted March 21, 2014
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 2014, Vol. 57, 1929-1941. doi:10.1044/2014_JSLHR-H-13-0190
History: Received July 18, 2013; Revised February 19, 2014; Accepted March 21, 2014
Web of Science® Times Cited: 4

Purpose To examine song identification by preschoolers with normal hearing (NH) versus preschoolers with cochlear implants (CIs).

Method Participants included 45 children ages 3;8–7;3 (years;months): 12 with NH and 33 with CIs, including 10 with unilateral CI, 14 with bilateral CIs, and 9 bimodal users (CI-HA) with unilateral CI and contralateral hearing aid. Preschoolers were asked to identify children's songs presented via 5 versions: (a) full (lyrics sung with piano accompaniment); (b) a cappella (only lyrics); (c) melodic (matching main melodic contour); (d) tonal (only pitch information); and (e) rhythmic (only song's rhythm).

Results The NH group surpassed all CI groups at identifying songs via melodic and tonal versions, but no significant differences emerged between the NH group and any CI group via full, a cappella, or rhythmic versions. Among the CI groups, no significant differences emerged via melodic or rhythmic versions, but bimodal users performed significantly better than bilateral users via the tonal version. Chronological age and duration of CI use correlated significantly with identification via the rhythmic version.

Conclusion Bimodal users showed an advantage in identifying songs in the tonal version through use of complementary information.

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