Vowel Acoustics in Dysarthria: Mapping to Perception PurposeThe aim of the present report was to explore whether vowel metrics, demonstrated to distinguish dysarthric and healthy speech in a companion article (Lansford & Liss, 2014), are able to predict human perceptual performance.MethodVowel metrics derived from vowels embedded in phrases produced by 45 speakers with dysarthria were compared with ... Research Article
Research Article  |   February 01, 2014
Vowel Acoustics in Dysarthria: Mapping to Perception
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Kaitlin L. Lansford
    Arizona State University, Tempe
  • Julie M. Liss
    Arizona State University, Tempe
  • Disclosure:The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure:The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.×
  • Correspondence to Kaitlin L. Lansford, who is now at Florida State University: klansford@fsu.edu
  • Editor: Jody Kreiman
    Editor: Jody Kreiman×
  • Associate Editor: Kris Tjaden
    Associate Editor: Kris Tjaden×
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Dysarthria / Hearing & Speech Perception / Acoustics / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Speech
Research Article   |   February 01, 2014
Vowel Acoustics in Dysarthria: Mapping to Perception
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 2014, Vol. 57, 68-80. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2013/12-0263)
History: Received August 29, 2012 , Revised February 1, 2013 , Accepted May 30, 2013
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 2014, Vol. 57, 68-80. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2013/12-0263)
History: Received August 29, 2012; Revised February 1, 2013; Accepted May 30, 2013
Web of Science® Times Cited: 11

PurposeThe aim of the present report was to explore whether vowel metrics, demonstrated to distinguish dysarthric and healthy speech in a companion article (Lansford & Liss, 2014), are able to predict human perceptual performance.

MethodVowel metrics derived from vowels embedded in phrases produced by 45 speakers with dysarthria were compared with orthographic transcriptions of these phrases collected from 120 healthy listeners. First, correlation and stepwise multiple regressions were conducted to identify acoustic metrics that had predictive value for perceptual measures. Next, discriminant function analysis misclassifications were compared with listeners' misperceptions to examine more directly the perceptual consequences of degraded vowel acoustics.

ResultsSeveral moderate correlative relationships were found between acoustic metrics and perceptual measures, with predictive models accounting for 18%–75% of the variance in measures of intelligibility and vowel accuracy. Results of the second analysis showed that listeners better identified acoustically distinctive vowel tokens. In addition, the level of agreement between misclassified-to-misperceived vowel tokens supports some specificity of degraded acoustic profiles on the resulting percept.

ConclusionResults provide evidence that degraded vowel acoustics have some effect on human perceptual performance, even in the presence of extravowel variables that naturally exert influence in phrase perception.

Acknowledgments
This research was conducted as part of Kaitlin L. Lansford's doctoral dissertation completed at Arizona State University and was supported by grants from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (5 R01 DC006859 and 1 F31 DC 10093) and from the Office of the Vice-President for Research and Economic Affairs, the Graduate Research Support Program, and the Graduate College at Arizona State University. We gratefully acknowledge Rene Utianski, Dena Berg, Angela Davis, and Cindi Hensley for their contributions to this research.
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