Associations Between Toddler-Age Communication and Kindergarten-Age Self-Regulatory Skills Purpose In this study, the authors aimed at gaining understanding on the associations of different types of early language and communication profiles with later self-regulation skills by using longitudinal data from toddler age to kindergarten age. Method Children with early language profiles representing expressive delay, broad delay (i.e., expressive, ... Research Article
Research Article  |   August 01, 2014
Associations Between Toddler-Age Communication and Kindergarten-Age Self-Regulatory Skills
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Tuija Aro
    Niilo Mäki Institute, University of Jyväskylä, Finland
  • Marja-Leena Laakso
    University of Jyväskylä, Finland
  • Sira Määttä
    Niilo Mäki Institute, University of Jyväskylä, Finland
  • Asko Tolvanen
    University of Jyväskylä, Finland
  • Anna-Maija Poikkeus
    University of Jyväskylä, Finland
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.×
  • Correspondence to Tuija Aro: tuija.aro@nmi.fi
  • Editor: Rhea Paul
    Editor: Rhea Paul×
  • Associate Editor: James Law
    Associate Editor: James Law×
Article Information
Development / Language Disorders / Social Communication & Pragmatics Disorders / Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Language / Research Articles
Research Article   |   August 01, 2014
Associations Between Toddler-Age Communication and Kindergarten-Age Self-Regulatory Skills
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, August 2014, Vol. 57, 1405-1417. doi:10.1044/2014_JSLHR-L-12-0411
History: Received December 21, 2012 , Revised May 14, 2013 , Accepted December 8, 2013
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, August 2014, Vol. 57, 1405-1417. doi:10.1044/2014_JSLHR-L-12-0411
History: Received December 21, 2012; Revised May 14, 2013; Accepted December 8, 2013
Web of Science® Times Cited: 3

Purpose In this study, the authors aimed at gaining understanding on the associations of different types of early language and communication profiles with later self-regulation skills by using longitudinal data from toddler age to kindergarten age.

Method Children with early language profiles representing expressive delay, broad delay (i.e., expressive, social, and/or symbolic), and typical language development were compared in domains of kindergarten-age executive and regulative skills (attentional/executive functions, regulation of emotions and behavioral activity, and social skills) assessed with parental questionnaires.

Results Children with delay in toddler-age language development demonstrated poorer kindergarten-age self-regulation skills than children with typical early language development. Broad early language delays were associated with compromised social skills and attentional/executive functions, and early expressive delays were associated with a generally lower level of kindergarten-age executive and regulative skills. Regression analyses showed that both earlier and concurrent language had an effect especially on the attentional/executive functions.

Conclusions The findings suggest that different aspects of toddler-age language have differential associations with later self-regulation. Possible mechanisms linking early language development to later self-regulative development are discussed.

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