Effects of Speech Practice on Fast Mapping in Monolingual and Bilingual Speakers Purpose This study examines the effects of the levels of speech practice on fast mapping in monolingual and bilingual speakers. Method Participants were 30 English-speaking monolingual and 30 Spanish–English bilingual young adults. Each participant was randomly assigned to 1 of 3 practice conditions prior to the fast-mapping task: (a) ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 2014
Effects of Speech Practice on Fast Mapping in Monolingual and Bilingual Speakers
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Pui Fong Kan
    University of Colorado, Boulder
  • Neeraja Sadagopan
    University of Colorado, Boulder
  • Lauren Janich
    University of Colorado, Boulder
  • Marixa Andrade
    University of Colorado, Boulder
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.×
  • Correspondence to Pui Fong Kan: puifong.kan@colorado.edu
  • Editor: Rhea Paul
    Editor: Rhea Paul×
  • Associate Editor: Margarita Kaushanskaya
    Associate Editor: Margarita Kaushanskaya×
Article Information
Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Language / Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 2014
Effects of Speech Practice on Fast Mapping in Monolingual and Bilingual Speakers
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 2014, Vol. 57, 929-941. doi:10.1044/2013_JSLHR-L-13-0045
History: Received February 27, 2013 , Revised July 12, 2013 , Accepted September 24, 2013
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 2014, Vol. 57, 929-941. doi:10.1044/2013_JSLHR-L-13-0045
History: Received February 27, 2013; Revised July 12, 2013; Accepted September 24, 2013
Web of Science® Times Cited: 5

Purpose This study examines the effects of the levels of speech practice on fast mapping in monolingual and bilingual speakers.

Method Participants were 30 English-speaking monolingual and 30 Spanish–English bilingual young adults. Each participant was randomly assigned to 1 of 3 practice conditions prior to the fast-mapping task: (a) intensive speech practice, (b) moderate speech practice, or (c) no practice. In a fast-mapping experiment, each participant was briefly exposed to novel objects and their corresponding novel words. Participants' knowledge of the target novel words was assessed immediately after the exposures.

Results There were significant effects of speech practice on fast mapping for both monolingual and bilingual adults. It is important to note that participants' language experience also played a role in their fast-mapping performance.

Conclusion The findings suggest that speech practice, interacting with language experience, facilitates the processes for fast mapping.

Acknowledgments
A portion of these data comprised an honors thesis by Lauren Janich. The data were presented at the Annual American Speech, Language, and Hearing Convention in San Diego, CA, in 2011. University of Colorado funding was provided through a Faculty Fellowship Award to Pui Fong Kan by Implementation of Multicultural Perspectives and Approaches in Research and Teaching (IMPART) and through an award to Lauren Janich and an award to Marixa Andrade from the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP). We are grateful to Lindsey Miller and Kelsy Rosenquist for their help with data collection and scoring. We extend our sincere thanks to the monolingual and bilingual participants for their participation.
Order a Subscription
Pay Per View
Entire Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research content & archive
24-hour access
This Article
24-hour access