Effect of 24 Hours of Sleep Deprivation on Auditory and Linguistic Perception: A Comparison Among Young Controls, Sleep-Deprived Participants, Dyslexic Readers, and Aging Adults Purpose To test the effects of 24 hr of sleep deprivation on auditory and linguistic perception and to assess the magnitude of this effect by comparing such performance with that of aging adults on speech perception and with that of dyslexic readers on phonological awareness. Method Fifty-five sleep-deprived young ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 2014
Effect of 24 Hours of Sleep Deprivation on Auditory and Linguistic Perception: A Comparison Among Young Controls, Sleep-Deprived Participants, Dyslexic Readers, and Aging Adults
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Leah Fostick
    Ariel University, Israel
  • Harvey Babkoff
    Ashkelon Academic College, Israel
  • Gil Zukerman
    Ariel University, Israel
  • Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.
    Disclosure: The authors have declared that no competing interests existed at the time of publication.×
  • Correspondence to Leah Fostick: Leah.Fostick@ariel.ac.il
  • Editor: Craig Champlin
    Editor: Craig Champlin×
  • Associate Editor: Daniel Fogerty
    Associate Editor: Daniel Fogerty×
Article Information
Development / Hearing & Speech Perception / Special Populations / Older Adults & Aging / Language Disorders / Reading & Writing Disorders / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Hearing / Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 2014
Effect of 24 Hours of Sleep Deprivation on Auditory and Linguistic Perception: A Comparison Among Young Controls, Sleep-Deprived Participants, Dyslexic Readers, and Aging Adults
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 2014, Vol. 57, 1078-1088. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2013/13-0031)
History: Received January 31, 2013 , Revised July 16, 2013 , Accepted August 26, 2013
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 2014, Vol. 57, 1078-1088. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2013/13-0031)
History: Received January 31, 2013; Revised July 16, 2013; Accepted August 26, 2013
Web of Science® Times Cited: 5

Purpose To test the effects of 24 hr of sleep deprivation on auditory and linguistic perception and to assess the magnitude of this effect by comparing such performance with that of aging adults on speech perception and with that of dyslexic readers on phonological awareness.

Method Fifty-five sleep-deprived young adults were compared with 29 aging adults (older than 60 years) and with 18 young controls on auditory temporal order judgment (TOJ) and on speech perception tasks (Experiment 1). The sleep deprived were also compared with 51 dyslexic readers and with the young controls on TOJ and phonological awareness tasks (One-Minute Test for Pseudowords, Phoneme Deletion, Pig Latin, and Spoonerism; Experiment 2).

Results Sleep deprivation resulted in longer TOJ thresholds, poorer speech perception, and poorer nonword reading compared with controls. The TOJ thresholds of the sleep deprived were comparable to those of the aging adults, but their pattern of speech performance differed. They also performed better on TOJ and phonological awareness than dyslexic readers.

Conclusions A variety of linguistic skills are affected by sleep deprivation. The comparison of sleep-deprived individuals with other groups with known difficulties in these linguistic skills might suggest that different groups exhibit common difficulties.

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