Using Others’ Words Conversational Use of Reported Speech by Individuals With Aphasia and Their Communication Partners Research Article
Research Article  |   February 01, 2005
Using Others’ Words
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Julie A. Hengst
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Simone R. Frame
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Tiffany Neuman-Stritzel
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Rachel Gannaway
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Contact author: Julie A. Hengst, PhD, Department of Speech and Hearing Science, University of Illinois, 901 S. Sixth Street, MC-482, Champaign, IL 61820.
  • Joyce Harris served as guest associate editor on this article.
    Joyce Harris served as guest associate editor on this article.×
Article Information
Normal Language Processing / Language Disorders / Aphasia / Language / Research Articles
Research Article   |   February 01, 2005
Using Others’ Words
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 2005, Vol. 48, 137-156. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2005/011)
History: Received September 19, 2003 , Revised March 13, 2004 , Accepted June 29, 2004
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 2005, Vol. 48, 137-156. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2005/011)
History: Received September 19, 2003; Revised March 13, 2004; Accepted June 29, 2004
Web of Science® Times Cited: 23

Reported speech, wherein one quotes or paraphrases the speech of another, has been studied extensively as a set of linguistic and discourse practices. Researchers agree that reported speech is pervasive, found across languages, and used in diverse contexts. However, to date, there have been no studies of the use of reported speech among individuals with aphasia. Grounded in an interactional sociolinguistic perspective, the study presented here documents and analyzes the use of reported speech by 7 adults with mild to moderately severe aphasia and their routine communication partners. Each of the 7 pairs was videotaped in 4 everyday activities at home or around the community, yielding over 27 hr of conversational interaction for analysis. A coding scheme was developed that identified 5 types of explicitly marked reported speech: direct, indirect, projected, indexed, and undecided. Analysis of the data documented reported speech as a common discourse practice used successfully by the individuals with aphasia and their communication partners. All participants produced reported speech at least once, and across all observations the target pairs produced 400 reported speech episodes (RSEs), 149 by individuals with aphasia and 251 by their communication partners. For all participants, direct and indirect forms were the most prevalent (70% of RSEs). Situated discourse analysis of specific episodes of reported speech used by 3 of the pairs provides detailed portraits of the diverse interactional, referential, social, and discourse functions of reported speech and explores ways that the pairs used reported speech to successfully frame talk despite their ongoing management of aphasia.

Acknowledgments
An earlier version of the research was presented at the 2003 Illinois Speech-Language-Hearing Association Convention, in Arlington Heights, IL. This research was funded in part by a Mary Jane Neer research grant of the College of Applied Life Studies and by a research board grant, both of the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.
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