Speaking Fundamental Frequency Characteristics of Nonsmoking Female Adults There were 111 female adult subjects 20–82 years of age who were nonsmokers. Measures of fundamental frequency and standard deviation were obtained. The higher speaking fundamental frequencies in this study relative to previous studies using female adults were attributed to control of the smoking variable. Results indicated relative stability of ... Research Article
Research Article  |   September 01, 1981
Speaking Fundamental Frequency Characteristics of Nonsmoking Female Adults
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Margaret L. Stoicheff
    University of Toronto, Ontario
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   September 01, 1981
Speaking Fundamental Frequency Characteristics of Nonsmoking Female Adults
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1981, Vol. 24, 437-441. doi:10.1044/jshr.2403.437
History: Received January 26, 1978 , Accepted April 22, 1981
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1981, Vol. 24, 437-441. doi:10.1044/jshr.2403.437
History: Received January 26, 1978; Accepted April 22, 1981

There were 111 female adult subjects 20–82 years of age who were nonsmokers. Measures of fundamental frequency and standard deviation were obtained. The higher speaking fundamental frequencies in this study relative to previous studies using female adults were attributed to control of the smoking variable. Results indicated relative stability of speaking fundamental frequency from postadolescence through early adulthood. A decrease in speaking fundamental frequency in the 50–59 age group, which was maintained in the two older age groups, was attributed to changes in the vocal fold mass with completion of the menopause. An increase in intrasubject variability of fundamental frequency in postmenopausal adults was interpreted as indicating decreased laryngeal control over fundamental frequency.

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