An Analysis of the Relationship among Stuttering Behaviors The purpose of this study was to determine whether different topographies of disfluent behavior form a response class. A within-subject, repeated reversals (ABAB) design was used to analyze the stuttering behavior of three adult stuttering speakers. A single type of stuttering behavior was punished for each subject while frequencies of ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 1981
An Analysis of the Relationship among Stuttering Behaviors
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Janis M. Costello
    University of California, Santa Barbara
  • Marilyn R. Hurst
    Carpinteria Unified School District, Carpinteria, California
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 1981
An Analysis of the Relationship among Stuttering Behaviors
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1981, Vol. 24, 247-256. doi:10.1044/jshr.2402.247
History: Received August 27, 1979 , Accepted March 3, 1980
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1981, Vol. 24, 247-256. doi:10.1044/jshr.2402.247
History: Received August 27, 1979; Accepted March 3, 1980

The purpose of this study was to determine whether different topographies of disfluent behavior form a response class. A within-subject, repeated reversals (ABAB) design was used to analyze the stuttering behavior of three adult stuttering speakers. A single type of stuttering behavior was punished for each subject while frequencies of occurrence of other types were concurrently measured. The results showed that: (1) stuttering behaviors displayed direct behavioral covariation for all subjects, illustrating the existence of a response class; and (2) the response classes observed included both kernel and accessory features of stuttering. The results are discussed in terms of the literature on response classes and two-factor learning theory of stuttering with special emphasis on the implications of these results for our understanding of the development of stuttering.

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