Stuttering In Need of a Unifying Conceptual Framework Research Article
Research Article  |   March 01, 1981
Stuttering
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Gerald N. Zimmermann
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Anne Smith
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • John M. Hanley
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   March 01, 1981
Stuttering
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 1981, Vol. 24, 25-31. doi:10.1044/jshr.2401.25
History: Received June 4, 1979 , Accepted November 2, 1979
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 1981, Vol. 24, 25-31. doi:10.1044/jshr.2401.25
History: Received June 4, 1979; Accepted November 2, 1979

Perceptually fluent and disfluent speech reflect a continuum of coordination and can be best understood in terms of similar motor control processes. Speech movements may be considered to result from the interaction of inputs to motoneuron pools which alter the tuning of sensory-motor pathways and triggering inputs to specific muscles and muscle groups. A disorder in coordination may occur when any of these inputs is aberrantly affected by psychological, psychosocial or physiological variables. Specific phenomena associated with stuttering--adaptation, masking, whispering and voicing deviations--are interpreted in terms of these neuromotor processes. Therapeutic considerations are discussed.

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