Grammatical Characteristics of Swedish Children With SLI Spontaneous speech samples from 10 Swedish children were collected and analyzed grammatically. The subjects consisted of 5 children with SLI and 5 MLU matched controls with normal grammatical development. The children with SLI differed significantly from the controls in their more restricted usage of word order patterns and in number ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 1995
Grammatical Characteristics of Swedish Children With SLI
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Kristina Hansson
    Lund University, Sweden
  • Ulrika Nettelbladt
    Lund University, Sweden
  • Contact author: Ulrika Nettelbladt, Department of Logopedics and Phoniatrics, University Hospital, S-221 85 Lund, Sweden. E-mail: Ulrika.Nettelbladt@Logopedi.Lu.se
Article Information
Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Language Disorders / Specific Language Impairment / Language / Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 1995
Grammatical Characteristics of Swedish Children With SLI
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1995, Vol. 38, 589-598. doi:10.1044/jshr.3803.589
History: Received June 6, 1994 , Accepted October 31, 1994
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1995, Vol. 38, 589-598. doi:10.1044/jshr.3803.589
History: Received June 6, 1994; Accepted October 31, 1994

Spontaneous speech samples from 10 Swedish children were collected and analyzed grammatically. The subjects consisted of 5 children with SLI and 5 MLU matched controls with normal grammatical development. The children with SLI differed significantly from the controls in their more restricted usage of word order patterns and in number of grammatical errors. As in studies on English-speaking children with SLI, the Swedish children with SLI had a large number of omissions of grammatical morphemes. Verb-related errors were more common than noun-related errors. Contrary to reports on children with SLI acquiring other languages, however, word order errors were also very common in the Swedish children with SLI. A restricted usage of word order patterns in combination with errors of word order indicates that not only morphological deficits but also syntactic difficulties can be found in children with SLI relative to MLU controls, depending on the target language. The findings show the importance of cross-linguistic comparisons of children with SLI.

Acknowledgments
We have benefitted from useful comments on our results from Gisela Håkansson, Lund University. Laurence Leonard, Purdue University, read an earlier version of the article and made many valuable suggestions for improvement. The manuscript reviews of the Editor for Language and of two anonymous reviewers were very helpful in shaping the final manuscript. We also wish to thank Claes Nilholm, Linköping University, who kindly provided statistical guidance.
This research has been supported by grants 86–105 and 90–211 from the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation awarded to Ulrika Nettelbladt and Gisela Håkansson. Our special thanks go to the children and their parents for participating in the time-consuming recordings, and to the speech-language clinicians for helping us to select children for the study and for participating in the child-clinician recordings.
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