The Effects of Response Contingent Shock on Stuttering The effects of response contingent shock on stuttering frequency were studied in three adult male stutterers. Each subject’s stuttering frequency base rate was obtained, then response contingent shock and various discriminative stimuli were introduced. The general findings were: (1) introduction of response contingent shock reduced stuttering frequency essentially to zero, ... Research Article
Research Article  |   September 01, 1966
The Effects of Response Contingent Shock on Stuttering
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Richard R. Martin
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • Gerald M. Siegel
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   September 01, 1966
The Effects of Response Contingent Shock on Stuttering
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1966, Vol. 9, 340-352. doi:10.1044/jshr.0903.340
History: Received April 6, 1965
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1966, Vol. 9, 340-352. doi:10.1044/jshr.0903.340
History: Received April 6, 1965

The effects of response contingent shock on stuttering frequency were studied in three adult male stutterers. Each subject’s stuttering frequency base rate was obtained, then response contingent shock and various discriminative stimuli were introduced.

The general findings were: (1) introduction of response contingent shock reduced stuttering frequency essentially to zero, while removal of shock occasioned a return to base rate frequency; (2) specific stuttering behaviors could be independently manipulated; (3) for two subjects, the shock procedure did not systematically alter word output level; (4) stuttering frequency was brought under discriminative stimulus control.

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