The Impact of Listening Condition on Background Noise Acceptance for Young Adults With Normal Hearing PurposeTo evaluate the effect of different speech conditions on background noise acceptance. A total of 23 stimulus pairings, differing in primary talker gender (female, male, conventional), number of background talkers (1, 4, 12), and gender composition of the background noise (female, male, mixed) were used to evaluate background noise acceptance.MethodA ... Article
Article  |   October 01, 2012
The Impact of Listening Condition on Background Noise Acceptance for Young Adults With Normal Hearing
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Susan Gordon-Hickey
    University of South Alabama, Mobile
  • Robert E. Moore
    University of South Alabama, Mobile
  • Julie M. Estis
    University of South Alabama, Mobile
  • Correspondence to Susan Gordon-Hickey: gordonhickey@usouthal.edu
  • Editor: Sid Bacon
    Editor: Sid Bacon×
  • Associate Editor: Charissa Lansing
    Associate Editor: Charissa Lansing×
Article Information
Hearing & Speech Perception / Acoustics / Hearing Disorders / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Hearing
Article   |   October 01, 2012
The Impact of Listening Condition on Background Noise Acceptance for Young Adults With Normal Hearing
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 2012, Vol. 55, 1356-1372. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2012/11-0140)
History: Received June 1, 2011 , Revised November 22, 2011 , Accepted February 22, 2012
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 2012, Vol. 55, 1356-1372. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2012/11-0140)
History: Received June 1, 2011; Revised November 22, 2011; Accepted February 22, 2012
Web of Science® Times Cited: 9

PurposeTo evaluate the effect of different speech conditions on background noise acceptance. A total of 23 stimulus pairings, differing in primary talker gender (female, male, conventional), number of background talkers (1, 4, 12), and gender composition of the background noise (female, male, mixed) were used to evaluate background noise acceptance.

MethodA repeated measures research design was used. Participants were 15 female and 15 male young adults with normal hearing. Background noise acceptance was evaluated with the acceptable noise level (ANL).

ResultsThe results revealed main effects of primary talker gender, number of background talkers, and listener gender. ANL was lower for conditions of a female primary talker and for conditions with multitalker backgrounds. Male listeners had significantly lower ANLs than female listeners. An interaction occurred between primary talker and background noise composition. For female primary talker conditions, the male talker backgrounds produced the lowest ANLs. For male primary talker conditions, the lowest ANLs were obtained with the female and male background talker conditions.

ConclusionsBackground noise acceptance depends on the listener and the stimulus condition. Stimulus selection can influence the measurement of ANL. The results support the use of the commercially available ANL materials.

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