Measuring Goodness of Story Narratives PurposeThe purpose of this article was to evaluate a new measure of story narrative performance: story completeness. It was hypothesized that by combining organizational (story grammar) and completeness measures, story “goodness” could be quantified.MethodDiscourse samples from 46 typically developing adults were compared with those from 24 adults with acquired brain ... Article
Article  |   February 01, 2011
Measuring Goodness of Story Narratives
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Karen Lê
    University of Connecticut, Storrs
  • Carl Coelho
    University of Connecticut, Storrs
  • Jennifer Mozeiko
    University of Connecticut, Storrs
  • Jordan Grafman
    National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD
  • Contact author: Jordan Grafman, Cognitive Neuroscience Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Building 10, 7D43, MSC 1440, Bethesda, MD 20892-1440. E-mail: grafmanj@ninds.nih.gov.
Article Information
Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Traumatic Brain Injury / Language
Article   |   February 01, 2011
Measuring Goodness of Story Narratives
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 2011, Vol. 54, 118-126. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2010/09-0022)
History: Received March 3, 2009 , Revised September 30, 2009 , Accepted June 11, 2010
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 2011, Vol. 54, 118-126. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2010/09-0022)
History: Received March 3, 2009; Revised September 30, 2009; Accepted June 11, 2010
Web of Science® Times Cited: 12

PurposeThe purpose of this article was to evaluate a new measure of story narrative performance: story completeness. It was hypothesized that by combining organizational (story grammar) and completeness measures, story “goodness” could be quantified.

MethodDiscourse samples from 46 typically developing adults were compared with those from 24 adults with acquired brain injuries. Story retellings were elicited and analyzed for episode structure (story grammar). Each story was also evaluated for the presence of 5 key components, yielding the story completeness score. Story goodness was quantified by combining the story grammar and completeness measures using a 2-coordinate grid system. A multivariate analysis of variance was performed as well as correlational analyses between the story grammar and story completeness scores.

ResultsThere were significant group differences on both story grammar and story completeness. Moderate correlations were noted between the 2 measures, suggesting that the indices were not entirely measuring the same abilities. Plotting the 2 sets of scores into quadrants discriminated the comparison group and the group with brain injury into 4 distinct categories of story “goodness.”

ConclusionThe combination of measures provided a more accurate depiction of discourse performance than either measure alone. Results suggest the measure is sensitive, is reliable, and has potential utility for investigating discourse deficits in clinical populations.

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