Influences of Sentence Length and Syntactic Complexity on the Speech Motor Control of Children Who Stutter PurposeTo investigate the potential effects of increased sentence length and syntactic complexity on the speech motor control of children who stutter (CWS).MethodParticipants repeated sentences of varied length and syntactic complexity. Kinematic measures of articulatory coordination variability and movement duration during perceptually fluent speech were analyzed for 16 CWS and 16 ... Article
Article  |   February 01, 2013
Influences of Sentence Length and Syntactic Complexity on the Speech Motor Control of Children Who Stutter
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Megan K. MacPherson
    Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN
  • Anne Smith
    Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN
  • Correspondence to Megan K. MacPherson, who is now at Florida State University, Tallahassee: mmacpherson@fsu.edu
  • Editor: Janna Oetting
    Editor: Janna Oetting×
  • Associate Editor: Nan Ratner
    Associate Editor: Nan Ratner×
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Fluency Disorders / Speech
Article   |   February 01, 2013
Influences of Sentence Length and Syntactic Complexity on the Speech Motor Control of Children Who Stutter
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 2013, Vol. 56, 89-102. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2012/11-0184)
History: Received June 15, 2011 , Accepted March 20, 2012
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 2013, Vol. 56, 89-102. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2012/11-0184)
History: Received June 15, 2011; Accepted March 20, 2012
Web of Science® Times Cited: 10

PurposeTo investigate the potential effects of increased sentence length and syntactic complexity on the speech motor control of children who stutter (CWS).

MethodParticipants repeated sentences of varied length and syntactic complexity. Kinematic measures of articulatory coordination variability and movement duration during perceptually fluent speech were analyzed for 16 CWS and 16 typically developing children (CTD) between 4 and 6 years of age. Behavioral data from a larger pool of children were also examined.

ResultsFor both groups, articulatory coordination variability increased with sentence length. For syntactically simple sentences, CWS had higher coordination variability than CTD. There was no group difference in coordination variability for complex sentences. Coordination variability increased significantly with complexity for CTD, whereas that of CWS remained at the high level demonstrated for simple sentences. There was a trend for higher overall coordination variability in CWS compared with CTD. For both groups, movement duration was greater for syntactically complex, as compared with simple, sentences.

ConclusionsResults indicate more variable speech motor coordination during fluent speech production in many CWS as compared with CTD. Disproportionate effects of length and complexity on coordination variability and duration were not found for CWS. Considerable individual differences in performance were observed.

Acknowledgments
This research was supported by National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders Grant DC00559. The first author was partially supported by a grant from the Purdue Research Foundation during the completion of this study. We thank Janna Berlin, Barb Brown, and our colleagues at the University of Iowa for their assistance with data collection. We are also grateful to the children and families who participated in this study.
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