The Impact of Dual Tasking on Sentence Comprehension in Children With Specific Language Impairment PurposeIn this study, the authors assessed the hypothesis of a limitation in attentional allocation capacity as underlying poor sentence comprehension in children with specific language impairment (SLI).MethodFifteen children with SLI, 15 age-matched controls, and 15 grammar-matched controls participated in the study. Sixty sentences were presented in isolation, and 60 sentences ... Article
Article  |   February 01, 2013
The Impact of Dual Tasking on Sentence Comprehension in Children With Specific Language Impairment
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Anne-Lise Leclercq
    University of Liège, Belgium
  • Steve Majerus
    University of Liège, Belgium
  • Gaïd Prigent
    University of Liège, Belgium
  • Christelle Maillart
    University of Liège, Belgium
  • Correspondence to Anne-Lise Leclercq: al.leclercq@ulg.ac.be
  • Editor: Janna Oetting
    Editor: Janna Oetting×
  • Associate Editor: Ron Gillam
    Associate Editor: Ron Gillam×
Article Information
Language Disorders / Specific Language Impairment / Language
Article   |   February 01, 2013
The Impact of Dual Tasking on Sentence Comprehension in Children With Specific Language Impairment
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 2013, Vol. 56, 265-280. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2012/10-0290)
History: Received October 18, 2010 , Revised July 15, 2011 , Accepted May 29, 2012
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 2013, Vol. 56, 265-280. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2012/10-0290)
History: Received October 18, 2010; Revised July 15, 2011; Accepted May 29, 2012
Web of Science® Times Cited: 2

PurposeIn this study, the authors assessed the hypothesis of a limitation in attentional allocation capacity as underlying poor sentence comprehension in children with specific language impairment (SLI).

MethodFifteen children with SLI, 15 age-matched controls, and 15 grammar-matched controls participated in the study. Sixty sentences were presented in isolation, and 60 sentences were presented with a concurrent choice reaction time task in which colored stimuli randomly appeared at the center of the computer screen.

ResultsSentence comprehension was affected by the dual-task condition to a greater extent in children with SLI relative to age controls but not relative to grammatical controls.

ConclusionThis study does not support limitations in attentional allocation capacity as representing a core deficit in SLI. Rather, the data show that these children show attentional allocation capacity comparable to that of younger children having similar language level, suggesting that SLI is characterized by a slowed development of both attentional and language domains.

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