On the Use of the Distortion-Sensitivity Approach in Examining the Role of Linguistic Abilities in Speech Understanding in Noise PurposeResearchers have used the distortion-sensitivity approach in the psychoacoustical domain to investigate the role of auditory processing abilities in speech perception in noise (van Schijndel, Houtgast, & Festen, 2001; Goverts & Houtgast, 2010). In this study, the authors examined the potential applicability of the distortion-sensitivity approach for investigating the role ... Research Note
Research Note  |   December 01, 2011
On the Use of the Distortion-Sensitivity Approach in Examining the Role of Linguistic Abilities in Speech Understanding in Noise
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • S. Theo Goverts
    VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
  • Elke Huysmans
    VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
  • Sophia E. Kramer
    VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
  • Annette M. B. de Groot
    University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands
  • Tammo Houtgast
    VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
  • Correspondence to S. Theo Goverts: st.goverts@vumc.nl
  • Editor: Robert Schlauch
    Editor: Robert Schlauch×
  • Associate Editor: Peggy Nelson
    Associate Editor: Peggy Nelson×
Article Information
Hearing & Speech Perception / Acoustics / Hearing Disorders / Special Populations / Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Hearing
Research Note   |   December 01, 2011
On the Use of the Distortion-Sensitivity Approach in Examining the Role of Linguistic Abilities in Speech Understanding in Noise
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 2011, Vol. 54, 1702-1708. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2011/09-0268)
History: Received December 7, 2009 , Revised October 1, 2010 , Accepted April 19, 2011
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 2011, Vol. 54, 1702-1708. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2011/09-0268)
History: Received December 7, 2009; Revised October 1, 2010; Accepted April 19, 2011
Web of Science® Times Cited: 3

PurposeResearchers have used the distortion-sensitivity approach in the psychoacoustical domain to investigate the role of auditory processing abilities in speech perception in noise (van Schijndel, Houtgast, & Festen, 2001; Goverts & Houtgast, 2010). In this study, the authors examined the potential applicability of the distortion-sensitivity approach for investigating the role of linguistic abilities in speech understanding in noise.

MethodThe authors applied the distortion-sensitivity approach by measuring the processing of visually presented masked text in a condition with manipulated syntactic, lexical, and semantic cues and while using the Text Reception Threshold (George et al., 2007; Kramer, Zekveld, & Houtgast, 2009; Zekveld, George, Kramer, Goverts, & Houtgast, 2007) method. Two groups that differed in linguistic abilities were studied: 13 native and 10 non-native speakers of Dutch, all typically hearing university students.

ResultsAs expected, the non-native subjects showed substantially reduced performance. The results of the distortion-sensitivity approach yielded differentiated results on the use of specific linguistic cues in the 2 groups.

ConclusionThe results show the potential value of the distortion-sensitivity approach in studying the role of linguistic abilities in speech understanding in noise of individuals with hearing impairment.

Acknowledgments
We thank Nienke Stolk for conducting the experiments and Hans van Beek for technical and software support.
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