A Meta-Analytic Procedure Shows an Age-Related Decline in Picture Naming Comments on Goulet, Ska, and Kahn (1994) Research Note
Research Note  |   December 01, 1997
A Meta-Analytic Procedure Shows an Age-Related Decline in Picture Naming
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Pierre Feyereisen, PhD
    Department of Experimental Psychology, 10, Place du Cardinal Mercier, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
Article Information
Research Issues, Methods & Evidence-Based Practice / Language / Research Note
Research Note   |   December 01, 1997
A Meta-Analytic Procedure Shows an Age-Related Decline in Picture Naming
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 1997, Vol. 40, 1328-1333. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4006.1328
History: Received November 20, 1995 , Accepted March 25, 1997
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 1997, Vol. 40, 1328-1333. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4006.1328
History: Received November 20, 1995; Accepted March 25, 1997

In the conclusion of their review of the literature, Goulet, Ska, and Kahn (1994)  found no clear evidence that picture-naming accuracy declines with advancing age. However, another conclusion can be drawn if one considers the subset of studies in which means and standard deviations of picture-naming accuracy are reported for different age groups: below 50, between 50 and 69, and from 70 years of age upwards. A meta-analysis of these data showed that naming accuracy was similar in the younger and the intermediate groups but that the performance of the older group was significantly different from that of the younger groups. Thus, the problem of inconsistencies in research findings can be resolved when meta-analytic methods are used.

Acknowledgments
This work was supported by the National Fund for Scientific Research, Belgium, and also funded by Grant 92/97–158 from the French-Language Community of Belgium (Actions de Recherche Concertées). I am indebted to my colleague Guy Lories, to the Associate Editor Cynthia K. Thompson, and to the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on preliminary versions of this article. The contribution of Julie Franck to the bibliographical work was also appreciated.
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