Adjustment to Hearing Impairment I Description of a Heterogeneous Clinical Population Research Article
Research Article  |   February 01, 1998
Adjustment to Hearing Impairment I
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Sue Ann Erdman
    University of Maryland Baltimore County
  • Marilyn E. Demorest
    University of Maryland Baltimore County
  • Contact author: Sue Ann Erdman, Hearing Rehabilitation Laboratory, Department of Psychology, UMBC, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Hearing / Research Articles
Research Article   |   February 01, 1998
Adjustment to Hearing Impairment I
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 1998, Vol. 41, 107-122. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4101.107
History: Received February 12, 1997 , Accepted August 1, 1997
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 1998, Vol. 41, 107-122. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4101.107
History: Received February 12, 1997; Accepted August 1, 1997

To obtain data on adjustment to hearing impairment and its potential predictors, a consortium of five audiology clinics was established. clinical records generated over 19–27 months were reviewed, and a database (N=1,008) was compiled that contained standard audiometric test results, demographic and case history information, and responses to the Communication Profile for the Hearing Impaired (CPHI; Demorest & Erdman, 1986, 1987). Clinic populations differed on audiometric measures, gender, race/ethnicity, educational level, employment, marital, and hearing aid status, and on CPHI profiles, but not on age. Internal consistency of CPHI scales was higher than reported by Demorest and Erdman (1987), and standard errors of measurement were smaller for Communication Performance scales. The consortium database is sufficiently heterogeneous to provide normative data applicable to a wide range of local clinical populations and to support investigation of the correlates of adjustment to hearing impairment (see Erdman & Demorest, 1998).

Acknowledgments
This research was supported by a grant from the National Institutes of Health, R01DC01091. Computer resources were provided to the first author by the Virginia Public Education Network. The authors gratefully acknowledge the following collaborators and consultants for their contributions to this research: Miriam A. Henoch, Martyn L. Hyde, John F. Knutson, Charissa R. Lansing, Robert D. Madory, Joseph J. Montano, Margaret W. Skinner, David J. Wark, and P. Lee Wilson. We are also indebted to Joanna R. Bezek for her management of the clinical database, to Jennifer Basham for her assistance in the implementation of the clinical protocol at the Callier Center, and to Charissa R. Lansing for her constructive suggestions during preparation of the manuscript.
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