The Effects of Literate Narrative Intervention on Children With Neurologically Based Language Impairments: An Early Stage Study PurposeThis study investigated the effect of a literate narrative intervention on the macrostructural and microstructural language features of the oral narratives of 3 children with neuromuscular impairment and co-morbid receptive and expressive language impairment.MethodThree children, ages 6-8 years, participated in a multiple baseline across participants and language features study. The ... Article
Article  |   August 01, 2010
The Effects of Literate Narrative Intervention on Children With Neurologically Based Language Impairments: An Early Stage Study
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Douglas B. Petersen
    University of Wyoming, Laramie
  • Sandra Laing Gillam
    Utah State University, Logan
  • Trina Spencer
    Utah State University, Logan
  • Ronald B. Gillam
    Utah State University, Logan
  • Contact author: Douglas B. Petersen, College of Health Sciences, Division of Communication Disorders, University of Wyoming, Department 3311, 1000 East University Avenue, Laramie, WY 82071. E-mail: dpeter39@uwyo.edu.
Article Information
Language Disorders / Language
Article   |   August 01, 2010
The Effects of Literate Narrative Intervention on Children With Neurologically Based Language Impairments: An Early Stage Study
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, August 2010, Vol. 53, 961-981. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2009/09-0001)
History: Received January 5, 2009 , Revised June 29, 2009 , Accepted October 21, 2009
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, August 2010, Vol. 53, 961-981. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2009/09-0001)
History: Received January 5, 2009; Revised June 29, 2009; Accepted October 21, 2009
Web of Science® Times Cited: 28

PurposeThis study investigated the effect of a literate narrative intervention on the macrostructural and microstructural language features of the oral narratives of 3 children with neuromuscular impairment and co-morbid receptive and expressive language impairment.

MethodThree children, ages 6-8 years, participated in a multiple baseline across participants and language features study. The 3 participants engaged in 10 individual literate narrative intervention sessions following staggered baseline trials. Assessment probes eliciting picture- and verbally prompted narratives were recorded and analyzed.

ResultsAll three children demonstrated gains in the use of story grammar (macrostructure) and causality (microstructure), with moderate to large effect sizes based on percentage of nonoverlapping data points. Gains were seen in both picture-prompted narratives that were the direct focus of intervention and in verbally prompted narratives that served as a measure of generalization. Other features of microstructure not explicitly targeted during intervention increased in the narratives produced by the participants. Additionally, follow-up data collected 8 months after intervention indicated the maintenance of some skills over time.

ConclusionThe results of this study suggest that literate narrative intervention may be useful for improving children’s functional use of narrative macrostructure and microstructure, including literate language.

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