Article/Report  |   October 2004
Processing of Written Word and Nonword Visual Information by Individuals With Prelingual Deafness
Author Notes
Hearing Disorders / Hearing
Article/Report   |   October 2004
Processing of Written Word and Nonword Visual Information by Individuals With Prelingual Deafness
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research October 2004, Vol.47, 990-1000. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2004/073)
History: Accepted 04 Mar 2004 , Received 24 Oct 2002 , Revised 12 May 2003
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research October 2004, Vol.47, 990-1000. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2004/073)
History: Accepted 04 Mar 2004 , Received 24 Oct 2002 , Revised 12 May 2003

The objective of this study was to bring about a better understanding of the abilities of prelingually deafened individuals to process word and nonword visual information. Students with prelingual deafness (n = 18, mean grade = 5.1) and a task-matched hearing control group (n = 28, mean grade = 4.9) judged the identicalness of physically (perceptually) or conventionally identical words or drawings to learn about differences in their processing strategies as the phonological information contained in these stimuli was manipulated. Findings suggested that the information-processing skills of both groups of participants were similar regardless of stimulus material (i.e., words or drawings) and whether such processing required the referencing of conceptual knowledge. Evidence further indicated that both groups relied on similar strategies for processing the stimuli but that neither relied on a phonology-based strategy.

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