Article/Report  |   February 2004
Social Difficulties and Victimization in Children With SLI at 11 Years of Age
Author Notes
Article Information
Language Disorders / Specific Language Impairment / Language
Article/Report   |   February 2004
Social Difficulties and Victimization in Children With SLI at 11 Years of Age
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 2004, Vol. 47, 145-161. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2004/013)
History: Received April 30, 2002 , Accepted May 14, 2003
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 2004, Vol. 47, 145-161. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2004/013)
History: Received April 30, 2002; Accepted May 14, 2003
Web of Science® Times Cited: 80

Specific language impairment is sometimes thought to be associated with concurrent difficulties in the area of social and behavioral development (N. Botting & G. Conti-Ramsden, 2000; D. P. Cantwell & L. Baker, 1987; M. Fujiki, B. Brinton, & C. Todd, 1996; S. Redmond & M. Rice, 1998). The present study follows a group of 242 children, initially studied at age 7 years when they attended language units in England, and assesses their social and behavioral status at age 11 years.

In total, 64% of the children were found to have scores on the Rutter behavioral questionnaire (M. Rutter, 1967) of 9 or above (clinical threshold); 34% scored over the threshold for the Strengths and Difficulties questionnaire (R. Goodman, 1997); and 39% scored below average on the Peer Competence subscale of the Harter Perceived Competence Scale (S. Harter & R. Pike, 1984). On further analysis, these generalized difficulties were characterized mainly by poor social competence. In addition, 36% of the cohort were at risk of being regular targets for victimization compared to 12% of a comparison sample of typically developing peers.

Few associations were found between social outcome and other measures, including nonverbal intelligence, overall linguistic skill, gender, and longitudinal measures taken previously. Importantly, however, pragmatic language difficulties measured on the Children's Communication Checklist (D. V. M. Bishop, 1998) were most strongly related to poor social outcome and to expressive language related to victimization.

Order a Subscription
Pay Per View
Entire Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research content & archive
24-hour access
This Article
24-hour access