Treatment Efficacy Dysarthria Supplement Article
Supplement Article  |   October 1996
Treatment Efficacy
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Kathryn M. Yorkston
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine University of Washington Seattle
  • Contact author: Kathryn M. Yorkston, PhD, Rehabilitation Medicine, RJ-30, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195. Email: yorkston@u.washington.edu
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Dysarthria / Augmentative & Alternative Communication / Special Populations / Genetic & Congenital Disorders / Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Traumatic Brain Injury / Supplement: Treatment Efficacy, Part I
Supplement Article   |   October 1996
Treatment Efficacy
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 1996, Vol. 39, S46-S57. doi:10.1044/jshr.3905.s46
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 1996, Vol. 39, S46-S57. doi:10.1044/jshr.3905.s46

The dysarthrias form a group of diverse, chronic motor speech disorders. The disorders of Parkinson's disease, stroke, traumatic brain injury, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and cerebral palsy are reviewed because they represent important clinical diagnoses in which dysarthria is a frequent and debilitating symptom. The roles played by speech-language pathologists include participation in differential diagnosis, provision of speech treatment, staging of treatment, and timely education so that clients and families can make informed decisions about communication alternatives. Both scientific and clinical evidence is presented that suggests that individuals with dysarthria benefit from the services of speech-language pathologists. Group-treatment studies, single-subject studies, and case reports illustrate the effectiveness of various types ofspeech treatment. Research into the effectiveness of augmentative and alternative communication systems for individuals with cerebral palsy is also presented.

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