Article/Report  |   February 1997
Cochlear Implant Use by Prelingually Deafened Children
 
Author Notes
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Hearing Aids, Cochlear Implants & Assistive Technology / Hearing
Article/Report   |   February 1997
Cochlear Implant Use by Prelingually Deafened Children
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 1997, Vol. 40, 183-199. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4001.183
History: Received January 3, 1995 , Accepted August 21, 1996
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 1997, Vol. 40, 183-199. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4001.183
History: Received January 3, 1995; Accepted August 21, 1996

This study focused on the long-term speech perception performances of 34 prelingually deafened children who received multichannel cochlear implants manufactured by Cochlear Corporation. The children were grouped by the age at which they received cochlear implants and were characterized by the amount of time they used their devices per day. A variety of speech perception tests were administered to the children at annual intervals following the connection of the external implant hardware. No significant differences in performance are evident for children implanted before age 5 compared to children implanted after age 5 on closed-set tests of speech perception ability. All children demonstrated an improvement in performance compared to the pre-operative condition. Open-set word recognition performance is significantly better for children implanted before age 5 compared to children implanted after age 5 at the 36-month test interval and the 48-month test interval. User status, defined by the amount of daily use of the implant, significantly affects all measures of speech perception performance except pattern perception.

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