The Effects of Life Stressors and Daily Stressors on Stuttering This study systematically documented the effect of perceived daily stress on subjective and objective measures of disfluencies in 12 adults who stuttered and 12 adults who did not stutter. Subjects participated in a prospective research study for 22 consecutive days. Measures of life stress, daily stress, and self-ratings of fluency ... Research Article
Research Article  |   February 01, 1997
The Effects of Life Stressors and Daily Stressors on Stuttering
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Ingrid M. Blood
    Department of Communication Disorders The Pennsylvania State University University Park
  • Heidi Wertz
    The Milton S. Hershey Medical Center The Pennsylvania State University Hershey
  • Gordon W. Blood
    Department of Communication Disorders The Pennsylvania State University University Park
  • Stephanie Bennett
    The Milton S. Hershey Medical Center The Pennsylvania State University Hershey
  • Kathleen C. Simpson
    Department of Speech Language Pathology Valley Hospital Ridgewood, NJ
  • Corresponding author: e-mail: 12B@psu.edu
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Fluency Disorders / Speech / Research Articles
Research Article   |   February 01, 1997
The Effects of Life Stressors and Daily Stressors on Stuttering
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 1997, Vol. 40, 134-143. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4001.134
History: Received March 21, 1996 , Accepted September 16, 1996
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 1997, Vol. 40, 134-143. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4001.134
History: Received March 21, 1996; Accepted September 16, 1996

This study systematically documented the effect of perceived daily stress on subjective and objective measures of disfluencies in 12 adults who stuttered and 12 adults who did not stutter. Subjects participated in a prospective research study for 22 consecutive days. Measures of life stress, daily stress, and self-ratings of fluency were obtained. Subjects were trained in rating their fluency levels (self-ratings of fluency) and perceived daily stress levels (frequency and perceived impact of daily stressors). Results revealed a significantly higher number of daily stressors endorsed by subjects who stutter. Subjects who stuttered also displayed a significantly greater number of disfluencies and higher self-ratings of disfluencies on "high-stress" days. No significant differences were found between the mean total scores for life stress or impact scores for daily stress for the two groups. These data suggest that day-to-day variations in stuttering could be related to multiple, minor, daily stressors in some persons who stutter. Implications for treatments involving cognitive restructuring and desensitization are discussed.

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