Early Childhood Stuttering II Initial Status of Phonological Abilities Research Article
Research Article  |   October 01, 1999
Early Childhood Stuttering II
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Elaine Pagel Paden
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Ehud Yairi
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Nicoline Grinager Ambrose
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Corresponding author: e-mail: e-paden@uiuc.edu
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Fluency Disorders / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Speech / Research Articles
Research Article   |   October 01, 1999
Early Childhood Stuttering II
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 1999, Vol. 42, 1113-1124. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4205.1113
History: Received February 23, 1998 , Accepted March 12, 1999
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 1999, Vol. 42, 1113-1124. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4205.1113
History: Received February 23, 1998; Accepted March 12, 1999

Research on the relation between stuttering and phonological/articulation deficits has been reported in the literature over several decades. Yet virtually none of these investigations has taken into account that “children who stutter” includes a large number who spontaneously recover within a few months or years after onset. Thus, little attention has been given to differences between the phonological abilities of children whose stuttering persists and those who recover. This investigation compares these two groups soon after stuttering onset, before it was possible to classify them as members of either group, on a number of phonological characteristics, including mean percentage of error, relative levels of severity of phonological impairment, error on specific phonological patterns, progress in development of key patterns, and the children's strategies for coping with unmastered patterns. The results indicate that the children whose stuttering would be persistent had poorer mean scores on each of our measures than did the children who would recover from stuttering. Both groups, however, showed progression in phonological development that followed the expected order, and they used typical strategies when patterns had not yet been acquired. The persistent group was moving more slowly, however, so phonological development was more delayed than in the children who would recover from stuttering. Our findings support the assumption that most previous studies probably have compared children with persistent stuttering to normally fluent children, and that those who recovered early were not considered differentially.

Acknowledgment
This research was supported by research grant 5 R01 DC from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health; principal investigator, Ehud Yairi.
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