Auditory Temporal Processing in Children With Specific Reading Disability With and Without Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder The auditory temporal deficit hypothesis predicts that children with specific reading disability (RD) will exhibit a deficit in the perception of auditory temporal cues in nonspeech stimuli. Tasks assessing perception of auditory temporal and nontemporal cues were administered to children with (a) RD without attentiondeficit/ hyperactivity disorder (RD/no-ADHD, n=40), (b) ... Research Article
Research Article  |   February 01, 2003
Auditory Temporal Processing in Children With Specific Reading Disability With and Without Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Joshua I. Breier
    University of Texas, Houston
  • Jack M. Fletcher
    University of Texas, Houston
  • Barbara R. Foorman
    University of Texas, Houston
  • Patricia Klaas
    University of Texas, Houston
  • Lincoln C. Gray
    University of Texas, Houston
  • Contact author: Joshua I. Breier, Department of Neurosurgery, Division of Clinical Neurosciences, 1333 Moursund Street, Suite H114, Houston, TX 77030.
    Contact author: Joshua I. Breier, Department of Neurosurgery, Division of Clinical Neurosciences, 1333 Moursund Street, Suite H114, Houston, TX 77030.×
  • Corresponding author: E-mail: Joshua.I.Breier@uth.tmc.edu
Article Information
Language Disorders / Reading & Writing Disorders / Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Language / Research Articles
Research Article   |   February 01, 2003
Auditory Temporal Processing in Children With Specific Reading Disability With and Without Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 2003, Vol. 46, 31-42. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2003/003)
History: Received December 7, 2001 , Accepted July 29, 2002
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, February 2003, Vol. 46, 31-42. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2003/003)
History: Received December 7, 2001; Accepted July 29, 2002
Web of Science® Times Cited: 39

The auditory temporal deficit hypothesis predicts that children with specific reading disability (RD) will exhibit a deficit in the perception of auditory temporal cues in nonspeech stimuli. Tasks assessing perception of auditory temporal and nontemporal cues were administered to children with (a) RD without attentiondeficit/ hyperactivity disorder (RD/no-ADHD, n=40), (b) ADHD alone (ADHD/no-RD, n=33), (c) RD and ADHD (RD/ADHD, n=36), and (d) no impairment (NI, n=41). The presence of RD was associated with a specific deficit in detection of a tone onset time asynchrony, but no reduction in performance on other tasks assessing perception of temporal or nontemporal acoustic cues. The presence of ADHD was associated with a general reduction in performance across tasks. The pattern of results did not indicate a pervasive deficit in auditory temporal function in children with RD, but did suggest a possible sensitivity to backward masking in this group. Results also indicated that the comorbid presence of ADHD is a significant factor in the performance of children with RD on psychoacoustic tasks.

Acknowledgment
This work was supported by National Institutes of Health Grant 1 RO1 HD35938 to Joshua I. Breier.
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