Article/Report  |   August 1999
Model-Based Semantic Treatment for Naming Deficits in Aphasia
Language Disorders / Aphasia / Language
Article/Report   |   August 1999
Model-Based Semantic Treatment for Naming Deficits in Aphasia
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research August 1999, Vol.42, 972-989. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4204.972
History: Accepted 18 Feb 1999 , Received 10 Apr 1998
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research August 1999, Vol.42, 972-989. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4204.972
History: Accepted 18 Feb 1999 , Received 10 Apr 1998

An interactive activation model for picture naming was used to guide treatment of a semantic-level deficit in 4 individuals with aphasia and severe picture-naming problems. Participants exhibited a profile consistent with Broca's aphasia with severe naming deficits, part of which was attributable to a semantic impairment based on testing of the lexical system. A semantic-based treatment was used to train naming of nouns in two semantic categories using a single-participant multiple baseline across behaviors and participants. Additional treatment, which included orthographic and phonological information about target words, then was applied. Treatment responses and error patterns demonstrated that semantic treatment resulted in improved naming of both trained and untrained items for 2 of 4 participants. Two participants did not show improved naming until treatment emphasizing the phonological form of the word was provided. This study demonstrates the utility of using an interactive activation model to plan treatment based on levels of disruption in the lexical processing system.

Order a Subscription
Pay Per View
Entire Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research content & archive
24-hour access
This Article
24-hour access

Related Articles

Effect of Semantic Naming Treatment on Crosslinguistic Generalization in Bilingual AphasiaEdmonds & Kiran: Naming Treatment and Crosslinguistic Generalization
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research August 2006, Vol.49, 729-748. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2006/053)
Semantic Complexity in Treatment of Naming Deficits in Aphasia: Evidence From Well-Defined Categories
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology November 2008, Vol.17, 389-400. doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2008/06-0085)
Typicality of Inanimate Category Exemplars in Aphasia Treatment: Further Evidence for Semantic Complexity
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research December 2008, Vol.51, 1550-1568. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2008/07-0038)
An Analysis of Aphasic Naming Errors as an Indicator of Improved Linguistic Processing Following Phonomotor Treatment
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology May 2013, Vol.22, S240-S249. doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2012/12-0078)
Constrained Versus Unconstrained Intensive Language Therapy in Two Individuals With Chronic, Moderate-to-Severe Aphasia and Apraxia of Speech: Behavioral and fMRI Outcomes
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology May 2012, Vol.21, S65-S87. doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2012/11-0113)