Case Assignment in Agrammatism Agrammatic speech is characterized by the omission and substitution of grammatical morphemes. Some recent papers suggest that certain patterns of omission and substitution are ruled by linguistic, that is, syntactic processes (e.g., Hagiwara, 1995; Friedmann & Grodzinsky, 1997; Bastiaanse & Van Zonneveld, 1998). In the present paper, the omission pattern ... Research Article
Research Article  |   August 01, 1999
Case Assignment in Agrammatism
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Esther Ruigendijk
    Graduate School for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurosciences University of Groningen The Netherlands
  • Ron van Zonneveld
    Graduate School for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurosciences University of Groningen The Netherlands
  • Roelien Bastiaanse
    Graduate School for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurosciences University of Groningen The Netherlands
  • Contact author: Prof. Dr. R. Bastiaanse, University of Groningen, Dept. of Linguistics, PO Box 716, 9700 AS, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Contact author: Prof. Dr. R. Bastiaanse, University of Groningen, Dept. of Linguistics, PO Box 716, 9700 AS, Groningen, The Netherlands.×
  • Corresponding author: e-mail: y.r.m.bastiaanse@let.rug.nl
Article Information
Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Language Disorders / Aphasia / Language / Research Articles
Research Article   |   August 01, 1999
Case Assignment in Agrammatism
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, August 1999, Vol. 42, 962-971. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4204.962
History: Received July 20, 1998 , Accepted February 15, 1999
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, August 1999, Vol. 42, 962-971. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4204.962
History: Received July 20, 1998; Accepted February 15, 1999

Agrammatic speech is characterized by the omission and substitution of grammatical morphemes. Some recent papers suggest that certain patterns of omission and substitution are ruled by linguistic, that is, syntactic processes (e.g., Hagiwara, 1995; Friedmann & Grodzinsky, 1997; Bastiaanse & Van Zonneveld, 1998). In the present paper, the omission pattern of case markers in the spontaneous speech of Dutch and German speakers with agrammatic aphasia is analyzed within the framework of Chomsky's (1986)  case theory, which says that every phonetically realized NP must receive (abstract) case. The inflected verb (I) assigns nominative case to the subject in the sentence, and the verb (V) assigns dative and accusative case to the indirect and direct object, respectively. This, in combination with the knowledge that verbs and verb inflections are notoriously difficult for speakers with agrammatism, served as the basis for this study. We hypothesize that, if no case assigner is produced, the noun will receive nominative case by default or the case marking morpheme (i.e., the determiner) will be omitted. This hypothesis has been tested and was supported by the data.

Acknowledgments
The authors wish to thank Dirk-Bart den Ouden, Marcia Linebarger, and Lew Shapiro for their helpful comments on an earlier version of this paper.
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