Category-Generation Performance of Bilingual Children The Influence of Condition, Category, and Language Research Article
Research Article  |   October 01, 2002
Category-Generation Performance of Bilingual Children
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Elizabeth D. Peña, PhD
    University of Texas at Austin
  • Lisa M. Bedore
    University of Texas at Austin
  • Rebecca Zlatic-Giunta
    University of Texas at Austin
  • Contact author: Elizabeth D. Peña, PhD, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712. E-mail: lizp@mail.utexas.edu
Article Information
Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Language / Research Articles
Research Article   |   October 01, 2002
Category-Generation Performance of Bilingual Children
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 2002, Vol. 45, 938-947. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2002/076)
History: Received November 28, 2001 , Accepted April 9, 2002
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 2002, Vol. 45, 938-947. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2002/076)
History: Received November 28, 2001; Accepted April 9, 2002
Web of Science® Times Cited: 50

Research suggests that young children use a script-based slot-filler strategy to develop categories. Children are reported to develop a taxonomic strategy by about age 8. The purpose of this study was to examine how bilingual (Spanish-English) children used taxonomic versus slot-filler strategies in a category-generation task presented in each language. Results indicated that although younger bilingual children (M age=5;1) generated approximately equal numbers of items in both conditions, older bilingual children (M age=6;5) were beginning to demonstrate a taxonomic bias. Furthermore, although bilingual children tended to generate similar numbers of items in each language under the different conditions, comparisons between the two languages indicated that a large proportion (68.40%) of items was unique to either language.

Acknowledgments
This research was supported in part by grants from the National Institutes of Health (NIDCD) Contract #N01-DC-8-2100 and #5 K23 DC00141.
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