Local Norming of the Test of Adolescent/Adult Language-3 in the Ottawa Speech and Language Study The young adult norms for the Test of Adolescent/Adult Language-3 (TOAL-3; D. Hammill et al., 1994) are based only on individuals who pursued postsecondary education, a restriction that renders the norms inappropriate for many clinical and research purposes. This research note details the rationale, methods, and results of a local ... Research Note
Research Note  |   June 01, 1999
Local Norming of the Test of Adolescent/Adult Language-3 in the Ottawa Speech and Language Study
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Carla J. Johnson
    University of Toronto Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • Nathan Taback
    Clarke Institute of Psychiatry Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • Michael Escobar
    University of Toronto Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • Beth Wilson
    Clarke Institute of Psychiatry Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • Joseph H. Beitchman
    Clarke Institute of Psychiatry Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • Contact author: Carla J. Johnson, PhD, Department of Speech-Language Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, 6 Queen's Park Crescent West, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3H2.
    Contact author: Carla J. Johnson, PhD, Department of Speech-Language Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, 6 Queen's Park Crescent West, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3H2.×
  • Corresponding author: E-mail: carla.johnson@utoronto.ca
Article Information
Development / Language Disorders / Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Language / Research Note
Research Note   |   June 01, 1999
Local Norming of the Test of Adolescent/Adult Language-3 in the Ottawa Speech and Language Study
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1999, Vol. 42, 761-766. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4203.761
History: Received April 16, 1998 , Accepted December 15, 1998
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1999, Vol. 42, 761-766. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4203.761
History: Received April 16, 1998; Accepted December 15, 1998

The young adult norms for the Test of Adolescent/Adult Language-3 (TOAL-3; D. Hammill et al., 1994) are based only on individuals who pursued postsecondary education, a restriction that renders the norms inappropriate for many clinical and research purposes. This research note details the rationale, methods, and results of a local norming of the TOAL-3 spoken language subtests, based on participants from the Ottawa Speech and Language Study (C. J. Johnson et al., 1999). The resulting Ottawa norms represent the full range of young adult language abilities and, therefore, can be used with caution for some clinical and research purposes.

Acknowledgments
This research was supported by Grant #6006-5639-102 from the National Health Research Development Program, Health and Welfare Canada. We thank our participants and their parents for their willing cooperation; the Royal Ottawa Hospital (particularly Sheldon Box and Barbara Jones, MD) for providing facilities and assistance; the Ottawa testing team of Brenda Cavanaugh, Karen Ivings, Lisa McAvoy, and Hope Harris for their dedicated and expert help; and Lisa Avery, Angela Haig, Christiane Kyte, and Karen MacNeill for their assistance.
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