Verbal Auditory Closure and the Speech Perception in Noise (SPIN) Test Ability to utilize auditory contextual information to facilitate speech-recognition verbal auditory closure is postulated to be a specific factor or primary mental ability, separable from general intelligence or other mental functions. This paper proposes that measurement of verbal auditory closure provides useful clinical information. Because the Speech Perception in Noise ... Research Article
Research Article  |   December 1995
Verbal Auditory Closure and the Speech Perception in Noise (SPIN) Test
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Lois L. Elliott
    Northwestern University, Evanston, IL
  • This article appears posthumously. Lois M. Elliott died in September, 1995.
    This article appears posthumously. Lois M. Elliott died in September, 1995.×
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Hearing / Research Articles
Research Article   |   December 1995
Verbal Auditory Closure and the Speech Perception in Noise (SPIN) Test
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 1995, Vol. 38, 1363-1376. doi:10.1044/jshr.3806.1363
History: Received September 12, 1994 , Accepted June 5, 1995
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 1995, Vol. 38, 1363-1376. doi:10.1044/jshr.3806.1363
History: Received September 12, 1994; Accepted June 5, 1995

Ability to utilize auditory contextual information to facilitate speech-recognition verbal auditory closure is postulated to be a specific factor or primary mental ability, separable from general intelligence or other mental functions. This paper proposes that measurement of verbal auditory closure provides useful clinical information. Because the Speech Perception in Noise (SPIN) Test allows separate scores for understanding of sentences that contain contextual information and of those that do not, the SPIN Test provides a good measure of verbal auditory closure. Now that an authorized version of the revised SPIN Test is commercially available, it is appropriate to review published information about reported performance of different listener groups on this instrument and to propose additional research questions that deserve investigation.

Acknowledgments
Appreciation is expressed to Robert C. Bilger for supplying information, to Stuart Rosen, Dean Garstecki, Donald Dirks, and Ted Bell for helpful comments on an earlier draft of this paper, and to two anonymous reviewers for valuable suggestions.
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