Effects of Age, Education, and Living Environment on Boston Naming Test Performance The 60-item Boston Naming Test (BNT; Kaplan, Goodglass, & Weintraub, 1983) was administered to 323 normal elderly subjects between the ages of 65 and 97. The combined effects of age, education, and living environment (institutionalized/independent living) on total test score was determined. These three variables accounted for 32% of the ... Research Article
Research Article  |   October 01, 1995
Effects of Age, Education, and Living Environment on Boston Naming Test Performance
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jean Neils
    University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
  • Julie M. Baris
    Children’s Medical Center, Dayton, OH
  • Cheryl Carter
    SpeechPath, Cincinnati, OH
  • Angel L. Dell'aira
    University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
  • Sharon J. Nordloh
    Oakview Manor Health Care Center, Calvert City, KY
  • Ernest Weiler
    University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
  • Bradford Weisiger
    VA Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH
  • Contact author: Jean Neils, PhD, 332 Braunstein, ML 379, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221–0379.
    Contact author: Jean Neils, PhD, 332 Braunstein, ML 379, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221–0379.×
Article Information
Special Populations / Older Adults & Aging / School-Based Settings / Healthcare Settings / Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Language / Research Articles
Research Article   |   October 01, 1995
Effects of Age, Education, and Living Environment on Boston Naming Test Performance
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 1995, Vol. 38, 1143-1149. doi:10.1044/jshr.3805.1143
History: Received May 9, 1994 , Accepted April 14, 1995
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 1995, Vol. 38, 1143-1149. doi:10.1044/jshr.3805.1143
History: Received May 9, 1994; Accepted April 14, 1995

The 60-item Boston Naming Test (BNT; Kaplan, Goodglass, & Weintraub, 1983) was administered to 323 normal elderly subjects between the ages of 65 and 97. The combined effects of age, education, and living environment (institutionalized/independent living) on total test score was determined. These three variables accounted for 32% of the variance in BNT performance. Educational background accounted for the greatest proportion of the variance, followed by age and living environment. There was also a significant interaction between age, education, and living environment. Overall, increased age adversely affected BNT scores. However, institutionalized subjects with a sixth–ninth grade education performed poorly on the BNT regardless of age. In addition, there was little difference in BNT performance according to age or living environment for the well educated. (The only exceptions were the oldest institutionalized subjects, who performed poorly on the BNT regardless of level of education.) The data presented in this study should be helpful for those clinicians who administer the BNT to elderly patients who are institutionalized or who have a limited educational background.

Acknowledgments
This research was supported, in part, by a grant from the National Institutes of Health, NINCDS Grant No. DC00741. The data was collected as part of master’s theses written by Cheryl Hennings Carter and Julie Baris, and a project conducted by Sharon Young Nordloh, while they were graduate students at the University of Cincinnati. The useful comments and suggestions provided by Malcolm R. McNeil, R. H. Brookshire, and an anonymous reviewer are appreciated.
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