Article/Report  |   April 1999
A Comparison of Language Achievement in Children With Cochlear Implants and Children Using Hearing Aids
Author Notes
Hearing Aids, Cochlear Implants & Assistive Technology / Language
Article/Report   |   April 1999
A Comparison of Language Achievement in Children With Cochlear Implants and Children Using Hearing Aids
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research April 1999, Vol.42, 497-511. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4202.497
History: Accepted 23 Sep 1998 , Received 12 Mar 1998
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research April 1999, Vol.42, 497-511. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4202.497
History: Accepted 23 Sep 1998 , Received 12 Mar 1998

English language achievement of 29 prelingually deaf children with 3 or more years of cochlear implant (CI) experience was compared to the achievement levels of prelingually deaf children who did not have such CI experience. Language achievement was measured by the Rhode Island Test of Language Structure (RITLS), a measure of signed and spoken sentence comprehension, and the Index of Productive Syntax (IPSyn), a measure of expressive (signed and spoken) English grammar. When the CI users were compared with their deaf age mates who contributed to the norms of the RITLS, it was found that CI users achieved significantly better scores. Likewise, we found that CI users performed better than 29 deaf children who used hearing aids (HAs) with respect to English grammar achievement as indexed by the IPSyn. Additionally, we found that chronological age highly correlated with IPSyn levels only among the non-CI users, whereas length of CI experience was significantly correlated with IPSyn scores for CI users. Finally, clear differences between those with and without CI experience were found by 2 years of post-implant experience. These data provide evidence that children who receive CIs benefit in the form of improved English language comprehension and production.

Order a Subscription
Pay Per View
Entire Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research content & archive
24-hour access
This Article
24-hour access

Related Articles

Profiles of Verbal Working Memory Growth Predict Speech and Language Development in Children With Cochlear Implants
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research June 2013, Vol.56, 805-825. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2012/11-0356)
People: February 2013
The ASHA Leader February 2013, Vol.18, 12-15. doi:10.1044/leader.PPL.18022013.12
Speech and Language of Children Using Hearing Aids With Adaptive Directional and Noise Reduction Features
SIG 16 Perspectives on School-Based Issues December 2010, Vol.11, 126-132. doi:10.1044/sbi11.4.126
Erratum
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research December 2010, Vol.53, 1775. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2010/er1110b)
Comparing Speech Perception of Children With Cochlear Implants or Hearing Aids
SIG 9 Perspectives on Hearing and Hearing Disorders in Childhood September 2010, Vol.20, 70-75. doi:10.1044/hhdc20.2.70